Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Karl Anton
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Prince of Hohenzollern
Karl Anton von Hohenzollern.jpg
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Reign 27 August 1848 – 7 December 1849
Predecessor Charles
Successor none
Prince of Hohenzollern
Reign 3 September 1869 – 2 June 1885
Predecessor none
Successor Leopold
Spouse Princess Josephine of Baden
Issue Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern
Stephanie, Queen of Portugal
Carol I of Romania
Prince Anthony
Prince Frederick
Princess Marie, Countess of Flanders
Full name
German: Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad
House House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Father Charles, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Mother Marie Antoinette Murat
Born (1811-09-07)7 September 1811
Sigmaringen, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Died 2 June 1885(1885-06-02) (aged 73)
Berlin, German Empire

Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[1][2] (German: Karl Anton Joachim Zephyrinus Friedrich Meinrad Fürst von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen[1][2]) (7 September 1811[1][2] – 2 June 1885[1][2]) was head of the Princely House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, Hohenzollern from 1869 and Prime Minister of Prussia. He was the son[1][2] of Charles, Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, who abdicated in favor of his son on 27 August 1848, and his first wife Marie Antoinette Murat, niece of Joachim Murat.[1][2]

Life[edit]

After only slightly over a year ruling his family's small principality, Karl Anton abdicated in December 1849 in favor of his distant cousin, the King of Prussia, and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, along with the neighboring principality of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, was annexed by Prussia. After his abdication, Karl Anton became a prominent figure in Prussian politics. After the fall of the reactionary Manteuffel ministry in 1858, and the accession of Prince William as regent for his incapacitated brother, King Frederick William IV, a new, moderately liberal ministry was appointed, with Karl Anton as Minister-President. The Prince continued in this role until 1862, when he resigned in the midst of a struggle with parliament over the military budget.

After this, Karl Anton largely resigned from active politics and focused on his role as head of the Catholic branch of the Hohenzollern family, accentuated by the extinction of the Hohenzollern-Hechingen line in 1869. In 1866, his second son, Karl, was offered the throne of Romania, where he would rule for nearly forty years as Carol I. A few years later, in 1870, his eldest son, Leopold, was given a similar offer of the Spanish throne. This so-called "Hohenzollern candidacy" for the Spanish throne was one of the main factors in instigating the Franco-Prussian War.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Prince Karl Anton was married[1][2] to Josephine Friederike Luise, Princess of Baden (1813–1900), daughter of Grand Duke Charles of Baden.[1][2]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 7 September 1811 – 27 August 1848: His Serene Highness The Hereditary Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • 27 August 1848 – 20 March 1850: His Serene Highness The Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • 20 March 1850 – 18 October 1861: His Highness The Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • 18 October 1861 – 3 September 1869: His Royal Highness The Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
  • 3 September 1869 – 2 June 1885: His Royal Highness The Prince of Hohenzollern

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Darryl Lundy (7 January 2008). "Karl Anton Fürst von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Paul Theroff. "HOHENZOLLERN". Paul Theroff's Royal Genealogy Site. Retrieved 2008-12-28. 
Karl Anton, Prince of Hohenzollern
Cadet branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Born: 7 September 1811 Died: 2 June 1885
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
27 August 1848 – 7 December 1849
Principality annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Himself
— TITULAR —
Prince of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
7 December 1849 – 2 June 1885
Reason for succession failure:
Principality annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1850
Succeeded by
Leopold
Preceded by
Constantine
— TITULAR —
Prince of Hohenzollern-Hechingen
3 September 1869 – 2 June 1885
Reason for succession failure:
Principality annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia in 1850
German nobility
Preceded by
None
Prince of Hohenzollern
3 September 1869 – 2 June 1885
Succeeded by
Leopold
Political offices
Preceded by
Baron Otto Theodor von Manteuffel
Prime Minister of Prussia
6 November 1858 – 12 March 1862
Succeeded by
Prince Adolf of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen