Charles Arnold-Baker

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Charles Arnold-Baker, OBE, born Wolfgang Charles Werner von Blumenthal (Berlin, 25 June 1918; died (London) 6 June 2009) was an English barrister (called 1948), an academic and a historian. He was the author of the Companion to British History. He was awarded an OBE (1966) and the King Haakon VII Medal of Freedom (1945).

Background[edit]

Charles Arnold-Baker was the son of Professor Baron Albrecht Werner von Blumenthal (10 August 1889, Staffelde, by Stettin, Prussia - 28 March 1945, Marburg an der Lahn), of Gross Schloenwitz by Stolp, Pomerania, by his first wife, an English lady, Wilhelmine, née Hainsworth (1883–1978). (They divorced in 1921 and she returned to England and remarried, 1923, Percy Baker, (1875–1944), brother of Sir Frederick Arnold-Baker.) He was born in Moabit Hospital, Berlin, in 1918 and died in 2009,[1][2] having been received into the R. Catholic Church on his deathbed. His ashes were interred, however, in the triforium of the Temple Church, London.

Wolfgang Charles Werner was educated at Winchester College and Magdalen College, Oxford University (BA History 1940).

As World War II approached Charles and his brother Werner Gaunt (Richard) took British Nationality, and adopted their stepfather's surname, witnessed by Deed poll, and abandoned the use of their first Christian names.

War[edit]

Upon the outbreak of war they both volunteered for the British Army. Charles's recruitment was deferred by the authorities to the following year to enable him to complete his degree. He joined the Buffs as a private soldier but was promoted to corporal within 10 days and commissioned directly on 25 February 1941. He then commanded one of two platoons of the 70th Battalion which were guarding Chartwell during Churchill's recuperation from illness there for three months. Out of courtesy he was invited with the other officers to dine weekly with Churchill during this period. It is unclear whether the Prime minister realised he was a German.

From there he was posted to the 9th Battalion on 4 August 1943, but on 14 December 1943 he joined MI6 where he was given the code-name Anderton and worked with the traitor Kim Philby, whom he disliked, and in whom he saw none of the supposed Philby charm. He was one of the first to voice suspicions about Philby. His brother Richard was also in MI6 and interrogated Rudolf Hess. Charles took part in the liberation of Belgium, where one of his first duties was to take over Breendonk Concentration Camp, a poignant experience for a German. He and his boss, Richard Gatty, were accidentally the first Allied soldiers in Antwerp, where Charles was billeted on the generous hospitality of the Baroness van der Gracht de Rommerswael, having got ahead of the advancing Canadians and arrived in the town while the Germans were still there. Aided by the competent Belgian Commissaire Bloch, Gatty and he then rounded up the entire German local network of 68 spies, an action for which the Brussels office of MI6, which was headed by Robert Barclay and included Malcolm Muggeridge, claimed the credit, provoking an angry written protest from Gatty to Barclay which said "our job is to tell lies to the enemy."

Charles then took part in the liberation of Norway, where he captured the complete Gestapo archive which enabled him to arrest fugitive Nazis, including Karl Fritzsch the Deputy Commandant of Auschwitz, and senior German military figures(King Haakon VII's Medal of Freedom). He took the view that as the war was now practically over, it was important to gather as much intelligence about the Soviet army, since this was plainly the new threat. In this he was thwarted, and his reports concerning his interrogations of such figures as a high civilian official in the German administration of occupied Russia, von der Ow, who described the anti-communist feelings of much of the population of the western USSR,[3] were buried by his superiors who were, as it later emerged, Soviet spies. It seems that as a consequence he voiced suspicions about Philby which were later conveyed by M. Oldfield to Washington.

Civilian career[edit]

Charles Arnold-Baker was called to the Bar in 1948, and practised in the Admiralty Division until 1952 in the chambers of J. Roland Adams Q.C., a former colleague from MI6. He received the Gwylim Gibbons Award from Nuffield College, Oxford, in 1959.

After leaving the Admiralty Division he accepted a post as Secretary of the National Association of Parish Councils. This body he transformed into the union of all rural local councils in England and Wales, the National Association of Local Councils, (NALC), and he endeavoured to strengthen local custom and government on a small scale against the growth of larger local government blocs. In 1966 he was awarded the OBE for this work. He served as a member of the European Committee of the International Union of Local Authorities 1966-1978, and was a Delegate to the European Local Government Assembly at Strasbourg 1960-1978.

In 1978 he left the NALC to pursue an academic career as a Professor of Arts administration at the City University, London, where he lectured in Law, and architecture a subject on which he had no formal training; his lectures were always nevertheless packed.

In 1966 he commenced writing The Companion to British History. The work was originally commissioned by the Oxford University Press, but after several disagreements with editors he decided to let his son publish his work using the family business of Longcross Press which he had founded. The book, longer than the Bible, has run through three editions plus a paperback version. It was the subject of a full-page story by the Daily Telegraph.[4] In January 2009 the Spectator described it as "one of the most remarkable books ever written".

From 1942 he lived in the Inner Temple, where he was the Senior Barrister, and looked after his invalid wife. He completed a further edition of his Companion to British History published by Loncross Denholm Press (Dec 2008).[5]

His Work "Local Council Administration" is on the bookshelf of every Parish, Town and District Clerk in the country and known in local government circles simply as "the Bible". The familiar yellow book is one of the master reference books for Local Councils to this day. J.K. Rowling's novel The Casual Vacancy takes its title from a quotation from Local Council Administration. Each chapter of the novel opens with a quotation from this work.

Charles Arnold-Baker married in Kensington, London, on 2 January 1943 to Edith May, née Woods (1918–2010). They had two children:

  • Katherine Elizabeth Arnold-Baker (b. 1948), educated at Wychwood School, who lives with her two children.

Publications[edit]

  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, Everyman's Dictionary of Dates, London, 1954.
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, Parish Administration. London, 1958.
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, New Law and Practice of Parish Administration, London, 1966.
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, O.B.E., The 5000 and the Power Tangle, London, 1967.
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, O.B.E., The Local Government Act, London, 1972 & 1973.
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, O.B.E., Local Council Administration, London, 1975 (7th edition 2006, 8th edition due 30 June 2009).
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, O.B.E., The Local Government Planning & Land Act 1980, London, 1981.
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, O.B.E., Practical Law for Arts Administrators, London, 1983 (3rd edition 1992).
  • Genealogisches Handbuch des Adeligen Hauser, A Band XVIII, Limburg an der Lahn, 1985 edition, page 19.
  • Arnold-Baker, Charles, O.B.E., The 5000 and the Living Constitution, London, 1986.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Times 10th June 2009 (Obituary)
  2. ^ The Times 10th June 2009 (Death Notices)
  3. ^ Arnold-Baker, Charles,2007, For He is an Englishman, Jeremy Mills Publishing ISBN 1-905217-44-7 p. 259 [1]
  4. ^ dead link
  5. ^ Christmas is the time to revisit our obsession with the past

External links[edit]