Charles Austen

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For other people named Charles Austen, see Charles Austen (disambiguation).
Charles John Austen
Sir Charles John Austen.jpg
Born 23 June 1779
Steventon, Hampshire
Died 7 October 1852
Prome, British Burma
Allegiance United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1791–1852
Rank Rear-Admiral
Commands held HMS Indian
HMS Swiftsure
HMS Cleopatra
HMS Namur
HMS Phoenix
HMS Aurora
HMS Winchester
HMS Bellerophon
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Relations Francis Austen (brother)
Jane Austen (sister)
Edward Austen Knight (brother)

Rear Admiral Charles John Austen CB (23 June 1779 – 7 October 1852) was an officer in the Royal Navy. He served during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and beyond, eventually rising to the rank of rear-admiral.

Family and early life[edit]

Charles was born in 1779 as the sixth and youngest son of the Reverend George Austen.[1][2] His elder brother, Sir Francis Austen also joined the navy and eventually rose to be Admiral of the Fleet.[3] Their sister was the famous novelist Jane Austen.[3] Charles joined the Royal Naval Academy in July 1791, and by September 1794 he had become midshipman aboard HMS Daedalus.[4] He subsequently served aboard HMS Unicorn and HMS Endymion. While serving aboard the Unicorn Austen assisted in the capture of the 18-gun Dutch brig Comet, the 44-gun French frigate Tribune and the French transport ship Ville de l'Orient.[4]

After transferring to the Endymion he helped in the driving into Hellevoetsluis of the Dutch ship of the line Brutus. As a result of the latter action Austen was promoted to lieutenant on 13 December 1797, and appointed to HMS Scorpion.[4] He was aboard the Scorpion long enough to be present at the capture of the Dutch brig Courier, after which he transferred to HMS Tamar.[4] Aboard the Tamar Austen was frequently involved in attacks and engagements with gunboats and privateers out of Algeciras. He returned to the Endymion in April 1800. On one occasion he set off in a small boat in a gale with only four other men, and succeeded in boarding and taking possession of the 18-gun Scipio, with 149 men aboard.[Note 1] He kept control of her until the following day when Endymion could complete the capture.[4][Note 2] After continued good service under Captain Charles Paget, the Admiralty promoted Austen to commander and he took command of the sloop HMS Indian on 10 October 1804.[4][7]

Command[edit]

Austen spent the next five years serving on the North American Station, before his promotion to captain on 10 May 1810 when he was given command of the 74-gun HMS Swiftsure, which was then the flagship of Sir John Borlase Warren.[4][7] Austen moved again the following September, joining HMS Cleopatra. Between November 1811 and September 1814 Austen served as captain of HMS Namur, based at the Nore and flying the flag of Sir Thomas Williams.[4] He was then given command of the 36-gun frigate HMS Phoenix and after the outbreak of hostilities with France Austen was dispatched in command of a squadron with HMS Undaunted and HMS Garland to hunt a Neapolitan squadron suspected to be at large in the Adriatic.[4] After Naples had surrendered Austen was active in the blockade of Brindisi. Lord Exmouth then sent him on to search of a French squadron, but with the end of the war with France in the intervening period he briefly turned his attention to suppressing piracy in the region.[4] He successfully captured two pirate vessels in the port of Pavos, but disaster struck when the Phoenix was wrecked off Smyrna on 20 February 1816, through the ignorance of her pilots.[4]

Austen was appointed to the 46-gun HMS Aurora on 2 June 1826, and was sent to the Jamaica Station as the second in command.[4] He was active in combating the slave trade and had considerable success, intercepting a number of slave ships.[4] He commanded the Aurora for two and a half years, until she was paid off in December 1828. Sir Edward Griffith Colpoys nominated Austen to become his flag captain aboard HMS Winchester on the North American and West Indies Station.[4] Austen remained here until being forced to be invalided home after a severe accident in December 1830.[4] Austen recovered and returned to service, being appointed to HMS Bellerophon on 14 April 1838. He was awarded a pension on 28 August 1840.[4] He sailed with the Bellerophon to the Mediterranean, and was active at the bombardment of Acre on 3 November 1840.[4] As a result of his good service during the bombardment he was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath on 18 December 1840.[8] Austen and the Bellerophon returned home, where the latter was paid off in June 1841.[4]

Flag rank and death[edit]

Austen was advanced to rear-admiral on 9 November 1846,[4] and was appointed commander-in-chief in the East Indies and China Station on 14 January 1850, hoisting his flag the following day.[4] He commanded the British expedition during the Second Anglo-Burmese War but died of cholera at Prome on 7 October 1852, at the age of 73.[4][9] On 30 April 1852 Austen had been thanked for his services in Burma by the Governor-General of India, The Marquess of Dalhousie, who subsequently also formally recorded his regret for Austen's death.[9] Austen is buried in Trincomalee.[citation needed]

Family and issue[edit]

Austen married Frances Palmer, the youngest daughter of the late Attorney-General of Bermuda, in 1807. The two had three children together.[4] After the death of Frances in 1814, Charles married his late wife's sister Harriet Palmer in 1820. The couple produced four children, two of them sons, and one of whom followed his father into the navy.[4][10]

Footnotes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Endymion captured Scipio in early 1800.[5]
  2. ^ His sister, the famed novelist Jane Austen, wrote "Charles has received £30 for his share of the privateer, and expects £10 more; but of what avail is it to take the prizes if he lays out the produce in presents to his sisters? He has been buying gold chains and topaz crosses for us. He must be well scolded."[6]
Citations
  1. ^ Butler, Marilyn (September 2004) [January 2010]. "Austen, Jane (1775–1817)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/904. Retrieved 20 January 2010. 
  2. ^ Stanford – WH Auden Ghosts
  3. ^ a b Burke. A Genealogical and Heraldic History. p. 44. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w The Gentleman's Magazine. p. 438. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15258. p. 486. 17 May 1800.
  6. ^ Hill (1902), p.48.
  7. ^ a b "RN Officer's Service Records—Image details—Austen, Charles John, Captain". DocumentsOnline. The National Archives. Retrieved 6 November 2008. 
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 19931. p. 3015. 18 December 1840.
  9. ^ a b "RN Officer's Service Records—Image details—Austen, Charles John, Rear Admiral". DocumentsOnline. The National Archives. Retrieved 6 November 2008. 
  10. ^ The Peerage .Com

References[edit]

  • The Gentleman's Magazine. F. Jefferies. 1853. 
  • Burke, John (1836). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland Enjoying Territorial Possessions Or High Official Rank: But Uninvested with Heritable Honours. Colburn. 
  • Hill, Constance (1902) Jane Austen: her homes & her friends. (John Lane)

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Francis Collier
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies and China Station
1850–1852
Succeeded by
Sir Fleetwood Pellew