|The Right Reverend
Charles Michael Baggs
|Vicar Apostolic of the Western District|
|Church||Roman Catholic Church|
|Appointed||9 January 1844|
|Term ended||16 October 1845|
|Predecessor||Peter Augustine Baines|
|Successor||William Bernard Ullathorne|
|Other posts||Titular Bishop of Pella|
|Ordination||December 1830 (priest)
by Giacinto Placido Zurla
|Consecration||28 January 1844
by Giacomo Filippo Fransoni
|Born||21 May 1806
Belville, County Westmeath, Ireland
|Died||16 October 1845 (aged 39)
Prior Park, near Bristol, England
|Parents||Charles Baggs and Eleanor Kyan|
Charles Michael Baggs (1806–1845) was a Roman Catholic bishop, controversialist, scholar and antiquary. He briefly served as the Vicar Apostolic of the Western District of England from 1844 to 1845.
Early life and family
He was born in Belville, County Westmeath, Ireland on 21 May 1806, the eldest son of Charles Baggs and Eleanor Kyan. His father was a Protestant barrister of Dublin, who afterwards was judge of the court of vice-admiralty in Demerara, South America. His mother was the fourth daughter of John Howard Kyan of County Wicklow. Through his mother's family he is directly descended from the O'Cahans, a significant Irish clan in Ulster.
His father being a member of the Church of Ireland, he was sent to a Protestant academy at Englefield Green in Berkshire. Early in 1820, his father died suddenly at Demerara, three days after hearing of the death of a friend for whom he had become security for 60,000 shillings. Upon the news of this double calamity, Charles Baggs was removed by his mother from Englefield Green to a Roman Catholic seminary at Sedgley Park, Staffordshire in June 1820. Twelve months later, he was transferred, at the instance of Bishop William Poynter, to St. Edmund's College, Ware, Hertfordshire as an ecclesiastical student.
Three year later, Baggs he was sent to the English College, Rome to complete his ecclesiastical studies, arriving there on 9 June 1824. He became a distinguished student, winning prizes in logics, Hebrew, physics, mathematics and theology.
Priestly career and works
In 1830, he was ordained a subdeacon in November, a deacon in November or December, and a priest by Cardinal Zurla in December 1830. After his ordination, he remained in Rome, becoming Vice-Rector, and subsequently Rector, of the English College. He was also made an honorary chamberlain (cameriere d'onore) by Pope Gregory XVI, with whom he was always an especial favourite.
He became a controversialist when published two discourses in 1836: "On the Supremacy of the Roman Pontiffs" which was delivered at the Church of Gesù e Maria in the Corso, Rome, on 7 February 1836; and the "Letter addressed to the Rev. R. Burgess, Protestant Chaplain at Rome" appeared on 8 March 1836.
He also produced three ecclesiastical works:
- "The Papal Chapel Described and Illustrated from History and Antiquities" (1839).
- "The Ceremonies of Holy Week at the Vatican and S. John Lateran's: Described and Illustrated from History and Antiquities" (1839) and dedicated to Hugh Charles Clifford, 7th Baron Clifford of Chudleigh.
- "The Pontifical Mass sung at St. Peter's Church on Easter Sunday, on the Festival of SS. Peter and Paul, and Christmas Day, with a Dissertation on Ecclesiastical Vestments" (1840) and dedicated to Cardinal Giacomo Giustiniani, bishop of Albano and protector of the English College.
Baggs preached the funeral oration for his cousin, Gwendoline (died 27 October 1840), widow of Marcantonio Borghese, 5th Prince of Sulmona, in the church of San Carlo ai Catinari on 23 December 1840. In its printed form he inscribed it to the father of the young princess, John Talbot, 16th Earl of Shrewsbury.
He was appointed the Vicar Apostolic of the Western District of England and Titular Bishop of Pella on 9 January 1844. His consecration took place at the church of San Gregorio Magno al Celio on 28 January 1844, the principal consecrator was Cardinal Giacomo Filippo Fransoni, assisted by Dr. Brown, Vicar Apostolic of the Lancashire District and Dr. Collier, Bishop of Port-Louis as co-consecrators.
He left Rome on 19 April 1844, and was welcomed by a large gathering of the clergy and laity at Prior Park near Bath, where he formally took possession of his vicariate on 30 May 1844. There, two days afterwards, he held his first ordination. He visited his extensive vicariate during the course of that summer, he newly organised it in the autumn, by portioning it out, on 2 October, into four deaneries. Shortly after taking up his residence at Prior Park, Bishop Baggs delivered a remarkable course of lectures on the supremacy of the pope at the church of St. John the Evangelist, Bath.
At the beginning of the second year of his episcopate, Bishop Baggs died at Prior Park on 16 October 1845, aged 39. His remains were interred in Prior Park Chapel, then reinterred at Midford Castle Chapel, and finally at Arnos Vale Cemetery, Bristol.
- Bishop Charles Michael Baggs at Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved on 23 June 2011.
- "Baggs, Charles Michael". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
- Burke's Landed Gentry, 4th edition, p. 825.
- Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession, volume 3, p. 330.
- Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession, volume 3, p. 331.
- Schofield & Skinner 2009, The English Vicars Apostolic, p. 235.
- "Gwendoline Catherine Talbot". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- Schofield & Skinner 2009, The English Vicars Apostolic, p. 338.
- Brady, W. Maziere (1876). The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, A.D. 1400 to 1875. Volume 3. Rome: Tipografia Della Pace.
- Schofield, Nicholas; Skinner, Gerard (2009). The English Vicars Apostolic. Oxford: Family Publications. ISBN 978-1-907380-01-3.
- Works by Charles Michael Baggs at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Charles Baggs in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
|Catholic Church titles|
Peter Augustine Baines
|Vicar Apostolic of the Western District
William Bernard Ullathorne
Ignaz Bernhard Mauermann
|Titular Bishop of Pella