Charles Bent

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This article is about the Governor of New Mexico. For the composer of chess endgame studies, see Charles Bent (chess composer).
Charles Bent
CharlesBent-cropped.jpg
Photograph of Territorial Governor Charles Bent at the Bent Home in Taos, New Mexico
Governor of New Mexico
In office
September 1846 – 19 January 1847
Preceded by Juan Bautista Vigil y Alarid (last governor of Mexican period of New Mexico)
Succeeded by Donaciano Vigil
Personal details
Born November 11, 1799
Charleston, West Virginia
Died January 19, 1847(1847-01-19) (aged 47)
Taos, New Mexico
Nationality United States
Occupation Trader

Charles Bent (November 11, 1799 – January 19, 1847) was appointed as the first civilian Governor of the newly acquired New Mexico Territory by military Governor Stephen Watts Kearny in September 1846.

Bent had been working as a fur trader in the region since 1828, with his younger brother William and later partner Ceran St. Vrain. Though his office was in Santa Fe, Bent maintained his residence and a store in Taos. On January 19, 1847, he was scalped and killed by Pueblo attackers during the Taos Revolt.

Biography[edit]

Bent was born in Charleston, West Virginia (then Virginia), the oldest child of Silas Bent and his wife.[1]

After leaving the army, in 1828 Charles and his younger brother William took a wagon train of goods from St. Louis to Santa Fe. There they established mercantile contacts and began a series of trading trips back and forth over the Santa Fe Trail. In 1832, he formed a partnership with Ceran St. Vrain, another trader from St. Louis, called Bent & St. Vrain Company. In addition to its store in Taos, New Mexico, the trading company established a series of "forts" (fortified trading posts) to facilitate trade with the Plains Indians, including Fort Saint Vrain on the South Platte River and Bent's Fort on the Arkansas River, both in Colorado; and Fort Adobe on the Canadian River.[2] Bent's Fort, outside La Junta, Colorado, has been restored and is now a National Historic Site.

In 1835 Charles Bent married Maria Ignacia Jaramillo, who was born in Taos, New Mexico. Maria's younger sister Josefa Jaramillo would later marry Kit Carson.[3]

While serving as territorial governor during the Taos Revolt, Charles Bent was shot, scalped alive and assassinated by Pueblo attackers on January 19, 1847. The women and children in the Bent home were not harmed by the insurgents, and the remaining Bents fled to safety next door through a hole in the parlor wall.

Bent and the renowned frontier scout Christopher "Kit" Carson had married sisters. Maria Ignacia Bent[4] outlived her husband by 36 years; she died on April 13, 1883. The Bents had a daughter, Teresina Bent. Charles and Maria Bent and the Carsons are interred at Kit Carson Cemetery in Taos.[5]

Legacy[edit]

Sign directing visitors to Governor Bent Home/Museum and Gallery in Taos

Bent Street, which runs in front of what had been his home in Taos, and Martyr's Lane, which runs behind it, are named for him.

The Governor Charles Bent House is now a museum. An elementary school in northeast Albuquerque is named in Bent's honor.

Raymond Burr, known for his long-running Perry Mason television series, portrayed Charles Bent in a 1957 episode entitled "Lone Woman" of CBS's Playhouse 90. Scott Brady was cast in the same episode as William Bent.[6]

Works[edit]

Bent documented the indigenous peoples of New Mexico in an essay which was published posthumously in Henry Schoolcraft's study of American Indians:

  • Bent, Charles (1846). "Indian Tribes of New Mexico". In Schoolcraft, Henry R. Information respecting the history, condition and prospects of the Indian tribes of the United States. Vol. I. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Grambo & Company, 1851. pp. 242–246. 

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Grinnell, George Bird (1923). "Bent's Old Fort And Its Builders". Kansas State Historical Society Collections (Reprinted ed.) (Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society) 15: 1–2. 
  2. ^ Lecompte, Janet (1978). Pueblo, Hardscrabble, Greenhorn: The Upper Arkansas, 1832-1856. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. pp. 14–17. ISBN 0-8061-1462-2. 
  3. ^ New Mexico history biography of Bent
  4. ^ Grinnell, George Bird (1923). "Bent's Old Fort And Its Builders". Kansas State Historical Society Collections (Reprinted ed.) (Topeka: Kansas State Historical Society) 15: 21. 
  5. ^ Exhibits, Governor Bent Home and Museum, Taos, New Mexico
  6. ^ Charles Bent at the Internet Movie Database

References[edit]

  • "Charles Bent". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-31. 
  • Dunham, Harold H. (1965). "Charles Bent". In Hafen, LeRoy R. (ed.). The Mountain Men and the Fur Trade. Vol. II. Glendale, California: Arthur H. Clark Co. OCLC 5504216. 
  • Lavender, David (1954). Bent’s Fort. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday. OCLC 26332056. 
  • Lecompte, Janet (1978). Pueblo, Hardscrabble, Greenhorn: Society on the High Plains, 1832-1856. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN 0-8061-1723-0. 
  • Wroth, William H. "Bent, Charles". New Mexico Office of the State Historian. Retrieved 2011-03-31.