Charles Ber Chavel

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Rabbi Charles Ber Chavel (Chaim Dov) (Hebrew: חיים דוב שעוועל) was a rabbi and scholar who, most notably, published critical editions of medieval Jewish commentators.

Life[edit]

Rabbi Chavel was born in Ciechanow, Poland in 1906, and moved to the United States in 1920.[1] He married Florence Krasna (1908-1996) in 1933, and had two children, Cyrella (1936-2000) and Isaac (b. 1939).

He received rabbinical ordination in 1929 from the Hebrew Theological College, currently in Skokie, Illinois, and Ph.B. degree from the University of Chicago in 1928. He served as rabbi of Congregation Anshe Sfard of Louisville, Kentucky from 1930 to 1945, and received his M.A. in Ancient History and LL.B. from the University of Louisville in 1932 and 1938, respectively. He then spent a year as director of synagogue activities of the Union of Orthodox Jewish Congregations of America. From 1946-1979 he was the rabbi of Congregartion Shaare Zedek of Edgemere, Long Island. He served as a dayyan (judge) on the rabbinical court of the Rabbinical Council of America (RCA), and served as chief editor of the journal HaDarom published by the RCA, from1957-1983.[2]

He received the Rabbi Kook Jewish Book Prize in 1953.

In 1979 he moved to Jerusalem, Israel and joined the Board of Directors of the publishers, Mossad HaRav Kook. He died in New York in 1982, and is buried in Beit Shemesh, Israel.

Hebrew Works[edit]

Most of Rabbi Chavel's books were devoted to critical editions, with annotation and commentary, of classical Jewish commentators on the Bible and Talmud. Unless otherwise indicated, they were published by Mossad HaRav Kook.

The following commentaries were published separately, and the texts were later included in the Mikraot Gedolot edition, Torat Chaim of Mossad HaRav Kook (1986-1993):[3]

  • Nachmanides' (Ramban) commentary to the Torah (1959).
  • Rabbi Chananel's commentary to the Torah (1972).
  • Chizkuni's commentary to the Torah (1981).
  • Rashi's commentary to the Torah (1982).

Other works on Nahmanides:

  • Writings of Nahmanides (Kitvei Ramban) (1963).
  • Biography of Nahmanides (1967).
  • Responsa of Nahmanides (1975).
  • Nahmanides' Critique of Maimonides' The Book of Divine Commandments (Sefer HaMitzvot) (1981).

Other Hebrew Works:

  • Rabbeinu Bachya's commentary to the Torah (1966) and his collected writings (Kitvei Rabbeinu Bachya) (1970).
  • Divrei David, a supercommentary on Rashi (on the Torah) by the author of the Taz (1978).
  • Marginal Notes of R. Akiva Eger on the Talmud (1959-1982). The work fills out marginal glosses of R. Eger (explaining his intention and summarizing subsequent responses to his comments). It covers: Tractate Berakhot, Seder Moed, Seder Nashim, and Seder Nezikin except for tractates Bava Kamma, Bava Metzia, and Bava Batra. The tractates Berakhot, Shabbat, Eruvin appeared in (1959).[5] The rest of the work appeared in the journal HaDarom through the years. Tractates Pesachim-Chagiga were later collected into one volume (1979).[6]

English Translations[edit]

Unless otherwise indicated, all translations were published by Shilo Publishing House, New York.

  • Maimonides, The Book of Divine Commandments (Sefer Hamitzvot), Soncino Press, London. The first volume was published in 1940, but the plates were destroyed in the bombing of London during WWII. The full work (2 volumes) was then (re)-published in 1967.
  • Nachmanides' (Ramban) commentary to the Torah (1971-1976).
  • Ramban, Writings and Discourses, (1978).[7]
  • Rabbeinu Bachya, Encyclopedia of Torah Thoughts (Kad HaKemach) (1980).[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sources on the internet indicate he arrived in the US in 1919, but Rabbi Chavel, his mother and sister appear on the manifest of the SS Rotterdam (under the spelling Cheiwel) arriving in the US on August 20, 1920.
  2. ^ http://www.rabbis.org/hadarom.cfm Most editorial work on issue #52 was done by him, but the issue itself only appeared after he died. (See the introduction to the volume.)
  3. ^ The abridged version of the annotation and commentary in the Torat Chaim edition was produced in-house by Mossad HaRav Kook.
  4. ^ Published by Israel Talmud Institute (Machon HaTalmud HaYisraeli HaShalem), Jerusalem, Israel.
  5. ^ Published by Mossad Harav Kook/Shulsinger Bros.
  6. ^ Kedem Publishers, Jerusalem.
  7. ^ Selections from Kitvei Ramban.
  8. ^ From Kitvei Rabbeinu Bachya.

External links[edit]

Full citations of Rabbi Chavel's work can be found at the Library of Congress, and at the Israel National Library (under the searches: Chavel Charles and שעוועל חיים).

Rabbi Chavel's edition of Sefer HaChinuch is available online in pdf format at HebrewBooks: http://www.hebrewbooks.org/40631

Many of the issues of HaDarom that he published, and for which he wrote articles, are also online there.