Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge

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Charles Berkeley, 2nd Viscount Fitzhardinge (14 December 1599 – 12 June 1668) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1621 and 1668. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War. He succeeded by special remainder to the peerage of his son who predeceased him.

Berkeley was the son of Sir Maurice Berkeley of Bruton, Somerset and his wife Elizabeth Killigrew daughter of Sir Henry Killigrew of Hanworth, Middlesex. He was educated at Eton College in 1613 and matriculated at Queen’s College, Oxford on 3 November 1615 aged 15.[1]

In 1621 Berkeley was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Somerset. He was knighted in 1623. He was elected MP for Bodmin in 1624 and for Heytesbury in 1625, 1626 and 1628. He sat until 1629 when King Charles decided to rule without parliament for eleven years.[2]

In April 1640, Berkeley was elected MP for Bath in the Short Parliament. He helped to organize the local resistance to ship-money, but was a Royalist during the Civil War executing a Commission of Array in 1642.[2]

Following the Restoration, Berkeley was elected MP for Heytesbury and Bath in 1661 for the Cavalier Parliament. He was involved in a double returns in both seats but was returned at a by-election for Heytesbury after the election had been declared void and sat until his death.[2]

Before his death Berkeley succeeded, by special remainder to the title Viscount Fitzhardinge on the death of his second son Charles who was killed at the Battle of Lowestoft, a naval engagement with the Dutch, on 3 June 1665.[1] Berkeley died of apoplexy at the age of 68 and was buried at Bruton.[2]

Berkeley married Penelope Godolphin daughter of Sir William Godolphin of Godolphin, Cornwall and had four sons. He was succeeded in the viscountcy by his eldest son Maurice.[2] His third son, William, became an admiral in the Royal Navy and was also killed fighting the Dutch, in the Four Days' Battle in 1666. Berkeley's brother John was a Royalist soldier and his brother William served as royal governor of the colony of Virginia.

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Robert Phelips
Sir Francis Hastings
Member of Parliament for Somerset
1621-1622
With: Robert Hopton
Succeeded by
John Sims
Sir Robert Phelips
Preceded by
Sir John Trevor
James Bagg
Member of Parliament for Bodmin
1624
With: Thomas Stafford
Succeeded by
Robert Caesar
Henry Jermyn
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Thynne
Sir Henry Ludlow
Member of Parliament for Heytesbury
1625-1629
With: Edward Bysshe 1625
William Blake 1626
William Rolfe 1628-1629
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Bath
1640
With: Alexander Popham
Succeeded by
William Bassett
Alexander Popham
Preceded by
Thomas Moore
John Joliffe
Member of Parliament for Heytesbury
1661-1668
With: John Joliffe
Succeeded by
John Joliffe
William Ashe
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Charles Berkeley
Viscount Fitzhardinge
1665–1668
Succeeded by
Maurice Berkeley