24 September 1786|
Tregolo, Costa Masnaga (near Como), Italy
|Died||22 September 1875
Longfield House, Boherlahan, County Tipperary, Ireland
Charles Bianconi (24 September 1786 – 22 September 1875) was an Italo-Irish entrepreneur.
Life and work
Born Carlo Bianconi, Costa Masnaga, Italy on 24 September 1786, he moved from an area poised to fall to Napoleon and travelled to Ireland in 1802, via England, just four years after the 1798 rebellion. At the time, British fear of continental invasion resulted in an acute sense of insecurity and additional restrictions on the admission of foreigners. He eventually became famous for his innovations in transport and was twice mayor of Clonmel, in County Tipperary.
He was the founder of public transportation in Ireland, at a time preceding railways. He established regular horse-drawn carriage services on various routes from about 1815 onwards. These were known as 'Bianconi coaches'. There were also a series of inns, the Bianconi Inns, some of which still exist; in Piltown, County Kilkenny and Killorglin, County Kerry.
These services continued into the 1850s and later, by which time there were a number of railway services in the country. The Bianconi coaches continued to be well-patronised, by offering connections from various termini, one of the first and few examples of an integrated transport system in Ireland.
Bianconi died on 22 September 1875 at Longfield House, Boherlahan, County Tipperary.
Having donated land to the parish of Boherlahan for the construction of a parish church, Bianconi wished to be buried on the Church grounds. He, and his family, are buried in a side chapel, separate from the parish church in Boherlahan, approximately 5 miles from Cashel, Co. Tipperary.
- Espinasse, Francis (1885). "Bianconi, Charles". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 4. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Bianconi, M. O'Connell and Sydney John Watson, Bianconi: King of the Irish Roads, A. Figgs, 1962
- Mrs. Morgan John O'Connell (1878). Charles Bianconi: A Biography, 1786-1875. Chapman and Hall.
- Samuel Smiles (1890). "Charles Bianconi: A Lesson on Self-help in Ireland". Men of Invention and Industry. J. Murray. pp. 220–255.
- Thomas Joseph Ryan, Bianconi: A Boy with a Dream: The Pioneer of Irish Transport, Ryan Publications, 2007, ISBN 9780955504600
- Un lombardo in Irlanda breve storia di Samuele Smiles Milano tip e libr editr Giacomo Agnelli 1875
- Tourism - Charles Bianconi
- Bianconi bio and photos of his native town
- Timetable 'Bianconi's Royal Mail Day Cars' from Leigh's New Pocket Road-book of Ireland, 1835.