A Phillips Academy, Andover graduate, Charles Borah won the AAU championships in 100 yd in 1926, in 220 yd in 1927 and in 200 m in 1928. As a University of Southern California student, Borah won the IC4A championships in both 100 yd and 220 yd in 1927. He also equalled the Charlie Paddock's world record in 100 yd of 9.6 in two occasions, in 1926 and in 1927.
At the Amsterdam Olympics, Borah reached to the quarterfinals in 100 m and ran the third leg in the American 4x100 m relay team, which equalled the world record of 41.0 in the final.
Charles Borah died in Phoenix, Arizona, just a week before his seventy-fourth birthday.