Charles Butler, 1st Earl of Arran

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The 1st Earl of Arran.

Lieutenant-General Charles Butler, 1st Earl of Arran (of the second creation), de jure 3rd Duke of Ormonde (4 September 1671 – 17 December 1758) was an Irish peer.[1] His uncle Richard was the 1st Earl of Arran of the first creation. The titles were re-created for Charles in 1693. He was younger son of the Thomas Butler 6th Earl of Ossory and Emilia von Nassau. His paternal grandfather was the 1st Duke of Ormonde and his elder brother the 2nd Duke of Ormonde.

Titles[edit]

On 8 March 1693 he was created Earl of Arran (of the second creation) in the Peerage of Ireland. The following year, on 23 January 1694, he was further created Baron Butler, of Weston in the County of Huntingdon, in the Peerage of England. Arran was a Lord of the Bedchamber to King William III, a Lieutenant-General in the Army, Colonel of the 3rd Troop of Horse Guards, Governor of Dover Castle, and Master-General of the Ordnance from 1712 to 1714.

His eldest brother was attainted in 1715 for his treasonous part in the Jacobite rebellion, whereupon all his honours were assumed to have been forfeit. However, it was later ruled that the attainder, enacted by the Parliament of Great Britain, applied only to his British titles (i.e. those in the Peerages of England and Scotland), and not to his Irish titles. Lord Arran therefore legally succeeded on his brother's death on 5 November 1745 as 3rd Duke of Ormonde in the Peerage of Ireland, but was never aware of so succeeding. As such, he was the fourth and last member of the Kilcash branch of the family to succeed to the titles.

Earlier, on 2 January 1722, he had been created Duke of Arran in the Jacobite Peerage of England by the Old Pretender (Jacobite "King James III").

Marriage[edit]

Elizabeth Butler (Christian Friedrich Zincke)

He married Elizabeth Crew, daughter of Thomas Crew, 2nd Baron Crew and the former Anne Airmine, on 3 June 1705 in Oatlands, at Weybridge in Surrey.[1] The marriage was childless.

Death and succession[edit]

He died at his lodgings at Whitehall in December 1758 and was buried in St. Margaret's Church, Westminster.

On his death, the Earldom of Arran, the Barony of Butler (of Weston) and the Jacobite Dukedom of Arran (such as it was) became extinct, along with the Dukedom and Marquessate of Ormonde. The rest of his de jure Irish titles, including the Earldom of Ormonde, passed to his kinsman John Butler, but remained dormant.

His claim to the Barony of Butler (of Moore Park) and the Lordship of Dingwall (both attainted along with the English Dukedom of Ormonde) passed to his niece, Lady Frances Elliot, eldest daughter of the 1st Earl of Grantham and Arran's sister, the former Lady Henrietta Butler, and eventually passed to the Earls Cowper (descendants of Lord Grantham's youngest daughter), the attainder finally being reversed in 1871 in favour of the 7th Earl.

Horace Walpole called him "an inoffensive old man, last of the illustrious house of Ormonde, and much respected by the Jacobites".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
John Coy
Colonel of The Earl of Arran's Regiment of Horse
1697–1703
Succeeded by
William Cadogan
Preceded by
The Earl Rivers
Captain and Colonel of the
3rd Troop of Horse Guards

1703–1715
Succeeded by
George Cholmondeley
Academic offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Ormonde
Chancellor of the University of Oxford
1715–1759
Succeeded by
The Earl of Westmorland
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Butler
1694–1758
Extinct
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
James Butler
Duke of Ormonde
(de jure)

1745–1758
Extinct
Earl of Ormonde
(de jure)

1745–1758
Succeeded by
John Butler
New creation Earl of Arran
1693–1758
Extinct