Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart
|Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart
|Lord Cathcart by Joshua Reynolds (1753-5) © Manchester Art Gallery|
|Ambassador from Great Britain to Russia|
February 1768 – 1772
|Preceded by||George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney|
|Succeeded by||Sir Robert Gunning, 1st Baronet|
|Born||21 March 1721|
|Died||14 August 1776 (aged 55)|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Great Britain|
|Battles/wars||War of the Austrian Succession
The son of Charles Cathcart, 8th Lord Cathcart and Marion Shaw, he was born on 21 March 1721. Opposed to the restoration of the Stuart monarchy, he became an aide-de-camp to the Duke of Cumberland and during the Battle of Fontenoy in 1745, was shot in the face. Joshua Reynolds' portrait (1753-5) shows the black silk patch he used to cover the scar on his cheek. This seemingly earned him the soubriquet 'Patch Cathcart'. The following year at the Battle of Culloden, again acting as ADC to Cumberland, Cathcart was once more wounded in battle.
On 24 July 1753 he married Jane Hamilton (1722–1771), daughter of Captain Lord Archibald Hamilton and Lady Jane Hamilton.
They had seven children:
- Jane (b. 20 May 1754 - 1790), first wife of the fourth Duke of Atholl.
- William Cathcart, 1st Earl Cathcart (b. 17 Sept. 1755–1843)
- Mary (b. 1757 - 26 June 1792), a celebrated beauty, who married Thomas Graham, 1st Baron Lynedoch 
- Charles (b. 1760 - 10 June 1788)
- Louisa (b. 1761)
- Archibald (b. 1765)
- Catherine Charlotte (b. 1770)
Charles was the last Lord Cathcart to inherit the family estate of Sundrum. Upon inheriting his mother's estates in Greenock he sold Sundrum to James Murray of Broughton in 1758.
In 1763 he was created a Knight of the Order of the Thistle.
In February 1768 he was appointed ambassador at St Petersburg and was well received by Catherine the Great. He served at the Russian court until 1772. On his return to Britain he was elected Rector of Glasgow University in 1773.
He died on 14 August 1776.
He held the following ranks:
- Archival material relating to Charles Cathcart, 9th Lord Cathcart listed at the UK National Archives
Sir George Macartney
|Ambassador from Great Britain to Russia
Sir Robert Gunning
Lord Frederick Campbell
|Rector of the University of Glasgow
Sir James Montgomery
|Peerage of Scotland|
- "The Honourable Mrs Graham (1757 - 1792)". National Galleries Scotland.