Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot

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The Right Honourable
The Earl Talbot
KG PC
Charles Chetwynd-Talbot 2nd Earl Talbot.jpg
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
3 October 1817 – 8 December 1821
Monarch George III
George IV
Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl Whitworth
Succeeded by The Marquess Wellesley
Personal details
Born 25 April 1777 (1777-04-25)
Died 10 January 1849 (1849-01-11)
Ingestre Hall, Staffordshire
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Frances Lambart (d. 1819)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Charles Chetwynd Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot KG, PC, FRS (25 April 1777 – 10 January 1849), styled Viscount Ingestre between 1784 and 1793, was a British politician. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland between 1817 and 1821.

Background and education[edit]

Born Charles Talbot, he was the eldest son of Hon. John Talbot of Ingestre Hall and his wife, Charlotte, Countess Talbot a daughter of Wills Hill, 1st Marquess of Downshire. When Talbot's father was created Earl Talbot and Viscount Ingestre in 1784, Talbot assumed the latter as a courtesy title. His father also added Chetwynd to the family name in 1786. Talbot inherited his father's earldom and the Ingestre estate in 1793, matriculated from Christ Church, Oxford in 1794 and graduated as a Master of Arts in 1797. He commissioned the architect John Nash to renovate Ingestre c.1810.[1]

Early career[edit]

After leaving Oxford, Lord Talbot joined the British embassy in Russia under Lord Whitworth, forming a lasting friendship with his boss. In 1803, Lord Talbot organised a volunteer force in Staffordshire to oppose a planned invasion by Napoleon. In 1812, he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of that county, an office he held until his death. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1813.[2]

Lord Lieutenant of Ireland[edit]

In 1817, Talbot was also appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and admitted to the Privy Council. In recognition of his rendering services to the agriculture of Ireland, he was awarded the Freedom of Drogheda and during George IV's visit to the country in 1821, he was appointed a Knight of St Patrick. Although an opponent of Catholic emancipation, Daniel O'Connell gave Talbot credit for his impartiality and Lord Cloncurry called him 'an honourable, high-minded gentleman'. However, the growing discontent in Ireland under Talbot's administration, forced the Prime Minister, Lord Liverpool, to have him replaced with Lord Wellesley in December 1821.

Later life[edit]

In 1833, Lord Talbot was encouraged to stand for the chancellorship of Oxford University, but withdrew in deference to the Duke of Wellington. In 1839, in recognition of his services as Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire, Talbot received a testimonial of £1400, which he used to endow a new church at Salt in Staffordshire. A supporter of Robert Peel, he resigned as a Knight of St Patrick in place of being appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1844, on Peel's recommendation. Lord Talbot subsequently supported the repeal of the Corn Laws, being one of the first peers to do so.

Family[edit]

Lord Talbot married Frances Thomasine (d. 1819), daughter of Charles Lambart, in 1800. They had eleven surviving children:

  • Lady Frances Charlotte (1801–1823), married William Legge, 4th Earl of Dartmouth
  • Hon. Charles Thomas, styled Viscount Ingestre (1802–1826)
  • Hon. Henry John, later styled Viscount Ingestre, later 3rd Earl Talbot and 18th Earl of Shrewsbury.
  • Hon. Arthur (1805–1884), clergyman.
  • Hon. John (1806–1852), judge and member of the Canterbury Association. Father of John Gilbert Talbot.[3]
  • Lady Cecil Chetwynd (1808–1877), married John Kerr, 7th Marquess of Lothian.
  • Hon. (George) Gustavus (1810–1896), clergyman.
  • Hon. William Whitworth (1814–1888), clergyman.
  • Hon. Gilbert Chetwynd (1816–1896), clergyman.
  • Hon. Wellington Patrick Manvers (1817–1898), soldier.
  • Hon. Gerald (1819–1885)

Lady Talbot died in December 1819, less than three months after the birth of her youngest child. Lord Talbot died at his home, Ingestre Hall, in January 1849, aged 71, and was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Henry, who later also inherited the earldom of Shrewsbury from his distant cousin.

In the Red Lion Public House at Brereton, nr Rugeley Staffs, it is written upon the wall that he had the Red Lion rebuilt in 1847.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Name: INGESTRE HALL List entry Number: 1242893". English Heritage. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Fellow Details". Royal Society. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  3. ^ Bain, Rev. Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections. Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 79–80. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl Whitworth
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1817–1821
Succeeded by
The Marquess Wellesley
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Uxbridge
Lord Lieutenant of Staffordshire
1812–1849
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Anglesey
Preceded by
The Marquess of Stafford
Custos Rotulorum of Staffordshire
1828–1849
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Chetwynd-Talbot
Earl Talbot
1793–1849
Succeeded by
Henry John Chetwynd-Talbot