Charles Coleman (English painter)
|Known for||Campagna Romana, Agro Pontino|
|Movement||Campagna Romana school|
Coleman first went to Rome in 1831, to study the paintings of Michelangelo and Raphael. He became permanently resident there in 1835, and on 21 June 1836 married Fortunata Segadori (or Segatori) from Subiaco, who, along with Vittoria Caldoni of Albano, was one of the most famous Roman models of the time. Segadori had sat for August Riedel; a portrait of her by Johann Heinrich Richter is in the Thorvaldsen Museum in Copenhagen. The couple had eight children; their son Enrico Coleman (1846–1911), was also a landscape painter, in oils and watercolour, as was the younger and less well-known Francesco Coleman. The Colemans' first address was 25 via Zucchelli. In 1869 the family moved to 16 via Zucchelli, and for the first time Coleman set up a separate studio, at 33 via Margutta, possibly with the intention of providing space for his two painter sons.
Four of Charles Coleman's paintings, dated from 1845 to 1847 and all featuring buffaloes, are listed in the catalogue of the collection of Beriah Botfield. From 1848 to 1850 he made etchings of scenes and animals in the Campagna Romana, and these were published in 1850. He was dismissive of academic teaching, believing that observation from nature was the best education for an artist. He exhibited five times at the Royal Academy of London, for the last time in 1869.
Coleman remained largely unknown in his native country but became a major influence on the Italian landscape painter Nino Costa, whom he met in the Campagna in the early 1850s. Coleman was considered the founder of the "Campagna Romana" school of painting in Italy.
Charles Coleman died in Rome in 1874.
- A Series of Subjects peculiar to the Campagna of Rome and Pontine Marshes, designed from nature and etched by C. Coleman Rome: [s.n.] 1850
- Tempesta, C. ([n.d.]) 'COLEMAN, Enrico (Henry)' in Dizionario Biografico - Treccani (in Italian) Accessed September 2011.
- Quintieri, Riccardo (1901) La Rassegna internazionale della letteratura e dell'arte contemporanea, volumes 6–7 (in Italian) Firenze: Libreria Fratelli Bocca pp.14–16 "The international review of literature and contemporary art"
- Sisi, Carlo (2003) La pittura di paesaggio in Italia: L'Ottocento (in Italian) Milano: Electa ISBN 978-88-435-5746-2 p. 151 "Landscape painting in Italy: the nineteenth century"
- De Rosa, Pier Andrea, Paolo Emilio Trastulli (2001) La campagna romana da Hackert a Balla (in Italian) Rome: Studio Ottocento for Museo del Corso ISBN 978-88-8016-478-4 p. 247 "The Campagna Romana from Hackert to Balla"
- Protonotari, Francesco (ed.) (1907) Nuova antologia, Volume 214 (in Italian) Roma: Nuova Antologia p. 490 "New anthology"
- Botfield, Beriah (1848) Catalogue of pictures in the possession of Beriah Botfield, Esq., at Norton Hall London: [William Nicols] p.11
- Coleman, Charles (1850) A Series of Subjects peculiar to the Campagna of Rome and Pontine Marshes, designed from nature and etched by C. Coleman Rome: [s.n.]
- Pieri, Giuliana (2007) The influence of pre-Raphaelitism on fin de siècle Italy London: Maney Publications for the Modern Humanities Research Association ISBN 978-1-904350-44-6 pp. 87–8
- Agresti, Olivia Rossetti (1907) Giovanni Costa, his life, work, and times 2nd edition London: Gay & Bird, pp. 56–58 (1st: London: Grant Richards 1904)
- Enrico Coleman in Enciclopedia Treccani (in Italian) Accessed September 2011.