January 14, 1935 |
New Orleans, Louisiana
|Genres||Rhythm and blues, rock 'n' roll,|
|Associated acts||Little Richard, James Brown, Sam Cooke, Jackie Wilson|
Charles Connor (born January 14, 1935 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is an American drummer, best known as a member of Little Richard's band. Richard's shout of "a-wop bop-a loo-mop, a-lop bam-boom" at the beginning of "Tutti Frutti" is said to be a reference to Connor's drum rhythms. James Brown described Little Richard's and his band, with Connor as the drummer, as "the first to put funk into the rhythm."
Connor was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. His father, a merchant mariner, was from Santo-Domingo in the Dominican Republic and his mother was a native Louisianan. As a young boy, Connor was inspired by his father singing calypso songs and by the marching bands playing Dixieland jazz near his home in New Orleans' French Quarter, as well as by Bob Alden, Art Blakey, Charles Otis, Gene Krupa, Buddy Rich, and Max Roach. He received his first drum kit at the age of five.
Connor's first professional work as a drummer came in 1950, at the age of 15, when he was hired by Professor Longhair to play drums with him at Mardi Gras. Over the next three years, Connor played drums with Smiley Lewis, Guitar Slim, Jack Dupree, and Shirley and Lee. At the age of 18, Connor became the drummer of Little Richard's band, The Upsetters. The Upsetters began to tour successfully, even without a bass player on songs, forcing drummer Connors to thump "real hard" on his bass drum in order to get a "bass fiddle effect." Connor continued to drum for Richard as his fame increased throughout the 1950s, drumming on records such as "The Girl Can't Help It", and "Keep A-Knockin'", and "Ooh! My Soul". On 1957's "Keep A-Knockin'", Connor played a four-bar drum intro (known as the "flattened out double shuffle") that was copied 15 years later by John Bonham as the introduction to Led Zeppelin's "Rock and Roll". At times when Connor was not working with Richard, he drummed with James Brown, as both singers had the same promoter. Brown described Connor, while playing in Richard's mid-1950s band, as "the first [drummer] to put funk into the rhythm".
Connor is married to Zenaida; they have a daughter named Queenie.
- "On This Day in Louisiana Music History". Satchmo. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Coleman, Rick (2006). Blue Monday : Fats Domino and the lost dawn of rock 'n' roll (1st Da Capo Press ed. ed.). Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press. p. 9. ISBN 0306814919.
- Palmer 2011, p. 139.
- "Biography". Legendary Drummer. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- White 2003, pp. 38–39.
- Glass, Daniel. ""Keep A-Knockin" - Little Richard - 1957". Drummerworld. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Wynn, Neil A (2007). Cross the water blues : African American music in Europe (1. ed. ed.). Jackson: Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 194. ISBN 1578069602.
- "Drum legend Charles Connor keeps on knockin'". Goldmine Magazine. F+W Media. Retrieved 1 May 2012.