Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis

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The Right Honourable

The Earl Cornwallis

PC
Lord-Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets and Constable of the Tower of London
In office
1740–1762
Monarch George II
George III
Preceded by Vacant
Succeeded by The Lord Berkeley of Stratton
Personal details
Born 29 March 1700
Died 23 June 1762
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Hon. Elizabeth Townshend (d. 1782)

Charles Cornwallis, 1st Earl Cornwallis PC (29 March 1700 – 23 June 1762), styled The Honourable Charles Cornwallis until 1722 and known as The Lord Cornwallis between 1722 and 1753, was a British peer.

Background[edit]

Cornwallis was the son of Charles Cornwallis, 4th Baron Cornwallis, by Lady Charlotte, daughter of Richard Butler, 1st Earl of Arran. Edward Cornwallis and Frederick Cornwallis were his younger brothers.[1]

Career[edit]

Cornwallis succeeded his father in the barony in 1722. In 1740 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Lord-Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets and Constable of the Tower of London,[2] posts he held until 1762.[1] In 1753 he was created Viscount Brome, in the County of Suffolk, and Earl Cornwallis.[3]

Family[edit]

Lord Cornwallis married the Honourable Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Townshend, 2nd Viscount Townshend, in 1722. They had seven children:

He died in June 1762, aged 62, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles, who became a prominent military commander and was created Marquess Cornwallis in 1792. The Countess Cornwallis died on 17 December 1785. [1]

He was the grandson of Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis; the great-grandson of Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis; and the great-great grandson of Frederick Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis.

He was the grandfather of Charles Cornwallis; the great-grandfather of James Mann; the 2nd great-grandfather of Fiennes Cornwallis; the 3rd great-grandfather of Fiennes Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis; the 4th great-grandfather of Wykeham Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis; and the 5th great-grandfather of Fiennes Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis.

References[edit]

Honorary titles
Vacant
Title last held by
The Earl of Leicester
Lord-Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets
1740 – 1762
Succeeded by
The Lord Berkeley of Stratton
Constable of the Tower of London
1740 – 1762
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl Cornwallis
1753–1762
Succeeded by
Charles Cornwallis
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Cornwallis
Baron Cornwallis
1722–1762
Succeeded by
Charles Cornwallis