||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
September 1, 1930 |
|Alma mater||University of Michigan|
|Buildings||Jawahar Kala Kendra, National Crafts Museum, Bharat Bhavan,|
Charles Correa (born September 1, 1930) is a noted Indian architect, urban planner and activist. An influential architect credited for the creation of modern architecture in post-Independence India. He is noted for his sensitivity to the needs of the urban poor and for his use of traditional methods and materials.
He has been awarded the Padma Shri in 1972, and second highest civilian honour, the Padma Vibhushan in 2006, given by Government of India. He was also awarded the 1984 Royal Gold Medal for architecture, by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
Early life and education
Charles Mark Correa was born on September 1, 1930, in Secunderabad, India.
Correa began his higher studies at St. Xavier's College, Mumbai at the University of Bombay (now Mumbai), and he went on to study at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor (1949–53) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (1953–55). In 1958 he established his own Bombay-based professional practice.
In 1958 he established his own Bombay-based professional practice.
Charles Correa is a major figure in contemporary architecture around the world. With his extraordinary and inspiring designs, he has played a pivotal role in the creation of an architecture for post-Independence India. All of his work - from the carefully detailed memorial Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Museum at the Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad to Kanchanjunga Apartment tower in Mumbai, the Jawahar Kala Kendra in Jaipur, the planning of Navi Mumbai, MIT'S Brain and Cognitive Sciences Centre in Boston, and most recently, the Champalimad Centre for the Unknown in Lisbon, places special emphasis on prevailing resources, energy and climate as major determinants in the ordering of space.
His first important project was "Mahatma Gandhi Sangrahalaya" (Mahatma Gandhi Memorial) at Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad (1958-1963), then in 1967 he designed the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly in Bhopal. He also designed the distinctive buildings of National Crafts Museum, New Delhi (1975–1990), Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal (1982), Jawahar Kala Kendra (Jawahar Arts Centre), in Jaipur, Rajasthan (1986-1992), British Council, Delhi, (1987–92) the McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT, Boston (2000-2005), and the Champalimaud Centre for The Unknown in Lisbon, Portugal (2007-2010). From 1970-75, he was Chief Architect for New Bombay (Navi Mumbai), an urban growth center of 2 million people, across the harbor from the existing city of Mumbai, here along with Shirish Patel and Pravina Mehta he was involved in extensive urban planning of the new city. In 1985, Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi appointed him Chairman of the National Commission on Urbanization.
In 1984, he founded the Urban Design Research Institute in Bombay, dedicated to the protection of the built environment and improvement of urban communities. Over the last four decades, Correa has done pioneering work in urban issues and low-cost shelter in the Third World.
2005-2008 he was Chairman of the Delhi Urban Arts Commission. In 2008 he resigned his commission as the head of Delhi Urban Arts Commission.
On 18 December 2011, the eve of the Golden Jubiliee of Goa's Liberation, Charles Correa was bestowed with Goa's highest civilian honour, the Gomant Vibhushan. In 2013, the Royal Institute of British Architects held an retrospective exhibition, "Charles Correa - India's Greatest Architect", about the influences his work on modern urban Indian architecture.
Charles Correa is currently working on several projects worthy of note. Of particular significance is the new Ismaili Centre in Toronto, Canada that is to be located in the midst of formal gardens and surrounded by a large park designed by landscape architect Vladimir Djurovic. It will share the site with the Fumihiko Maki designed Aga Khan Museum.
- RIBA Royal Gold Medal - 1984.
- Padma Vibhushan (2006) and Padma Shri (1972).
- Praemium Imperiale (1994)
- 7th Aga Khan Award for Architecture for Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1998)
- Austrian Decoration for Science and Art (2005)
- His acclaimed design for McGovern Institute for Brain Research at MIT was dedicated recently.
- "Just as there is writing and then there is literature, there is construction and then there is architecture. Great architecture can change society." (2013)
- "All great architecture is great sculpture. But it is sculpture used by human beings. So, it has to have openings for light and air, doors... these openings should not spoil the sculpture, they should complete it. That is what Wright did with his houses. They are stunning." (2013)
- An Architecture of Independence: The Making of Modern South Asia University of Pennsylvania.
- "Charles Correa, Britannica".
- "Charles Correa - India's greatest architect?". BBC News. 13 May 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
- Vidhan Bhavan, (ArchNet)
- "Master class with Charles Correa". Mumbai Mirror. Jun 9, 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "CharlesCorrea, Gomant Vibhushan". 2011-12-19.
- "Charles Correa & Out of India Season". RIBA. 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.
- "Correa, Maki Tapped to Design Aga Khan Center". Architectural Record, The McGraw-Hill Companies. 2008-10-06. Retrieved 2008-10-09.
- The Champalimaud Foundation - Arquitetura Lisboa
- "List of medal winners 1848-2008(PDF)". RIBA.
- "Padma Awards Directory (1954-2009)". Ministry of Home Affairs.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 1714. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- From Penguin book jacket for A Place in the Shade
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charles Correa.|
- Charles Correa Associates – Official web site of the Mumbai based architect. Extensive project descriptions with photographs, biography and bibliography.
- Charles Correa - Photo Gallery at BBC Radio 3
- Charles Mark Correa Biography
- Link to Art & Design webpage[dead link]