Charles County, Maryland

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Charles County, Maryland
Flag of Charles County, Maryland
Flag
Seal of Charles County, Maryland
Seal
Map of Maryland highlighting Charles County
Location in the state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded 1658
Named for Charles Calvert
Seat La Plata
Area
 • Total 643.22 sq mi (1,666 km2)
 • Land 461.00 sq mi (1,194 km2)
 • Water 182.22 sq mi (472 km2), 28.33%
Population
 • (2010) 146,551
 • Density 318/sq mi (122.7/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.charlescountymd.gov

Charles County is a county located in the southern central portion of the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,551.[1] The county seat is La Plata.[2] The county was named for Charles Calvert (1637–1715), third Baron Baltimore.

Charles County is a part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.

History[edit]

Charles County was created in 1658 by an Order in Council. There was an also an earlier Charles County from 1650 to 1653, sometimes referred to in historic documents as Old Charles County.[3][4][5]

In April 1865, John Wilkes Booth made his escape through Charles County after shooting President Abraham Lincoln. He was on his way to Virginia.

On April 28, 2002, a tornado cut through the County and destroyed much of downtown La Plata.

The county has a number of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.[6] Among which, are the distinguished Green Park and the historical Pleasant Hill, home of the Green and Spalding Families.

Law and government[edit]

Charles County is reliably Democratic, although not as overwhelmingly so as other parts of Maryland's Washington, D.C. suburbs.[citation needed]

Board of Commissioners[edit]

Charles County is governed by county commissioners, the traditional form of county government in Maryland. There are five commissioners. As of 2011, they are:

Position Name Affiliation District
  President Candice Quinn Kelly Democratic At-Large
  Vice-President Reuben B. Collins, II Democratic District 3
  Commissioner Ken Robinson Democratic District 1
  Commissioner Debra M. Davis, Esq. Democratic District 2
  Commissioner Bobby Rucci Democratic District 4

Charles County is entirely located within the 5th Congressional District, which also includes Calvert, St. Marys, and parts of Anne Arundel and Prince George's counties. The current representative is Democratic House Minority Whip Steny H. Hoyer.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 643.22 square miles (1,665.9 km2), of which 461.00 square miles (1,194.0 km2) (or 71.67%) is land and 182.22 square miles (471.9 km2) (or 28.33%) is water.[7]

In its western wing, along the southernmost bend in Maryland Route 224, Charles County contains a rare instance where the traveler is due north, east, south, and west of the same state—Virginia.[8]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the County's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[9] the top employers by number of employees in the county are:

# Employer # of Employees Percentage of Total County Employment
1 Charles County Board of Education 3,430 4.35%
2 Indian Head Naval Surface Warfare Center 3,404 4.49%
3 Charles County Government 1,638 2.16%
4 Civista Medical Center 850 1.12%
5 College of Southern Maryland 819 1.08%
6 Wal-Mart/Sam's Club 592 0.78%
7 The Facchina Group of Companies 550 0.73%
8 Safeway 475 0.63%
9 Target 400 0.53%
10 McDonald's 396 0.52%
11 Southern Maryland Electric Cooperative 386 0.51%
12 Genesis Health Care 312 0.41%
13 Bloomin' Brands (formerly OSI Restaurant Partners) 300 0.40%
14 Charles County Nursing Home 255 0.34%
15 Darden Restaurants 253 0.33%
16 Macy's 250 0.33%

Transportation[edit]

One United States Numbered Highway runs through the county U.S. Route 301, some other notable highways are:

Hunters Brooke Arson[edit]

Main article: Hunters Brooke Arson

On December 4, 2004, an arson took place in the development of Hunters Brooke which is located a few miles southeast of Indian Head. It later became the largest residential arson[10] in the history of the state of Maryland.[11][12][13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 20,613
1800 19,172 −7.0%
1810 20,245 5.6%
1820 16,500 −18.5%
1830 17,769 7.7%
1840 16,023 −9.8%
1850 16,162 0.9%
1860 16,517 2.2%
1870 15,738 −4.7%
1880 18,548 17.9%
1890 15,191 −18.1%
1900 17,662 16.3%
1910 16,386 −7.2%
1920 17,705 8.0%
1930 16,166 −8.7%
1940 17,612 8.9%
1950 23,415 32.9%
1960 32,572 39.1%
1970 47,678 46.4%
1980 72,751 52.6%
1990 101,154 39.0%
2000 120,546 19.2%
2010 146,551 21.6%
Est. 2012 150,592 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2012 Estimate[15]

2010[edit]

The ethnic makeup of the country, according to the 2010 U.S. Census, was the following:

2000[edit]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 120,546 people, 41,668 households, and 32,292 families residing in the county. The population density was 262 people per square mile (101/km²). There were 43,903 housing units at an average density of 95 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68.51% White, 26.06% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.72% from other races, and 2.08% from two or more races. 2.26% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 11.6% were of German, 10.8% Irish, 10.2% English, 9.3% American and 5.3% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 41,668 households out of which 41.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 14.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.50% were non-families. 17.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.86 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.70% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 33.20% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $62,199, and the median income for a family was $67,602 (these figures had risen to $80,573 and $89,358 respectively as of a 2007 estimate[17]). Males had a median income of $43,371 versus $34,231 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,285. About 3.70% of families and 5.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.70% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2010 the county population's racial makeup was 48.38% Non-Hispanic whites, 40.96% blacks, 0.65% Native Americans, 2.98% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islanders, 0.17% Non-Hispanics of some other race, 3.20% Non-Hispanics reporting more than one race and 4.27% Hispanic.

Cities and towns[edit]

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

  1. Indian Head (incorporated 1920)
  2. La Plata (incorporated 1888)
  3. Port Tobacco Village (incorporated 1888) (Note that, despite its name, Port Tobacco Village is a town, not a village.)

All three are classified as towns under Maryland law. About half the County population lives around the large unincorporated community of Waldorf, Maryland.[citation needed]

Unincorporated areas are also considered as towns by many people and listed in many collections of towns, but they lack local government. Various organizations, such as the United States Census Bureau, the United States Postal Service, and local chambers of commerce, define the communities they wish to recognize differently, and since they are not incorporated, their boundaries have no official status outside the organizations in question. The Census Bureau recognizes the following census-designated places in the county:

  1. Bennsville
  2. Bryans Road
  3. Hughesville
  4. Potomac Heights
  5. Saint Charles
  6. Waldorf

Other unincorporated places not listed as Census-Designated Places but known in the area include:

  1. Bel Alton
  2. Benedict
  3. Bryantown
  4. Cobb Island
  5. Dentsville
  6. Faulkner
  7. Glymont
  8. Grayton
  9. Ironsides
  10. Issue
  11. Malcolm
  12. Marbury
  13. Morgantown
  14. Mount Victoria
  15. Nanjemoy
  16. Newburg
  17. Pisgah
  18. Pomfret
  19. Popes Creek
  20. Port Tobacco
  21. Pomonkey
  22. Ripley
  23. Rison
  24. Rock Point
  25. Swan Point
  26. Welcome
  27. White Plains

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities[edit]

Public school system[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

Sports[edit]

Club League Venue Established Championships
Southern Maryland Blue Crabs ALPB, Baseball Regency Furniture Stadium 2008 0

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ The Counties of Maryland 630. The Archives of Maryland Online. pp. 122–124. Retrieved November 16, 2007. 
  4. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1911). Prince Georges County. The Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 21–22. Retrieved November 16, 2007. 
  5. ^ Maryland Geological Survey (1906). Maryland Geological Survey: General Reports. The Johns Hopkins Press. pp. 474–477. Retrieved April 5, 2008. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ This oddity of political geography happens in other places in Maryland.
  9. ^ "Charles County, Maryland Comprehensive Annual Financial Report For the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2013". archive.org / charlescountymd.gov. Charles County Government. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  10. ^ United States Attorney for the District of Maryland (March 1, 2006). "Violent Crime Program 2005 Annual Report". United States Department of Justice. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  11. ^ Courson, Paul; Joanthan Wild (December 21, 2004). "Two more arrested in Maryland fires". Washington, Dc: CNN. p. 1. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  12. ^ Witte, Brian (January 3, 2005). "Maryland Hunts for Motives Behind State's Largest Residential Arson". Insurance Journal. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  13. ^ Hancock, David (Dec 18, 2004). "3 More Charged In Maryland Arson". LA PLATA, Md: CBS NEWS. p. 1. Retrieved August 2, 2010. 
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Charles County, Maryland - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder
  18. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°29′N 77°01′W / 38.48°N 77.01°W / 38.48; -77.01