Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny

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Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny
CharlesBouligny.jpg
United States Senator
from Louisiana
In office
November 19, 1824 – March 4, 1829
Preceded by Henry Johnson
Succeeded by Edward Livingston
Personal details
Born (1773-08-22)August 22, 1773
New Orleans, Louisiana
Died March 4, 1833(1833-03-04) (aged 59)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Political party Democratic-Republican

Charles Dominique Joseph Bouligny (August 22, 1773 – March 4, 1833) was a lawyer and politician, elected as U.S. Senator from Louisiana, serving 1824 to 1829. He had earlier served in the state House of Representatives. Of French and French Creole descent, he was brother to Louis Bouligny, a state representative, and uncle of John Edward Bouligny, who was elected as US Representative from New Orleans.

Biography[edit]

He was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, August 22, 1773 to a family of French and Spanish descent. His father Francisco Bouligny was born to a French father who was a merchant in Alicante, Spain. His mother was Marie-Louise Le Sénéchal d'Auberville of New Orleans, who was of French Creole descent. He had three siblings. His father was born in Spain to French parents and became a high-ranking official in Spanish Louisiana; he served as lieutenant governor under Bernardo de Gálvez and as acting military governor in 1799. The senior Bouligny founded the city of New Iberia in 1779. Charles' parents had him educated by private tutors.

As a young man, Bouligny served as ensign in the Louisiana (or Spanish) Regiment commanded by his father. The young man was elected at age 27 as a commissioner of the municipal council in 1800. When the United States acquired Louisiana through the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, Bouligny (and other residents) assumed United States citizenship. He studied law and was admitted to the bar, practicing in New Orleans.

Entering politics, Bouligny was elected as a member of the Louisiana Territorial house of representatives in 1806. Next he was appointed justice of the peace in New Orleans in 1807. During the War of 1812, he served on the committee on public defense during the British invasion in 1814 and 1815.

Bouligny was elected by the state legislature (as was the custom at the time before popular election of US Senators) to the United States Senate, competing against Henry Johnson. Bouligny served November 19, 1824, to March 4, 1829. He served as Chairman of the Senate Agriculture Committee in the second session of the 20th Congress.

He died in New Orleans on March 4, 1833. He was interred in St. Louis Cemetery No. 1.

Sources[edit]

United States Senate
Preceded by
Henry Johnson
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Louisiana
November 19, 1824 – March 4, 1829
Served alongside: Josiah S. Johnston
Succeeded by
Edward Livingston