Charles Edward Hudson

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Charles Hudson
Charles Edward Hudson.jpg
Born 29 May 1892
Derby, Derbyshire
Died 4 April 1959 (aged 66)
St Mary's, Isles of Scilly
Buried at St Mary's Churchyard, Denbury
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1914 - 1946
Rank Major General
Unit Sherwood Foresters
Commands held 2nd Infantry Brigade
46th Division
Battles/wars World War I
Russian Civil War
World War II
Awards Victoria Cross (UK) ribbon.png Victoria Cross
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order & Bar
Military Cross
Croix de Guerre (France)
Italian Silver Medal for Valour

Major General Charles Edward Hudson VC CB DSO MC (29 May 1892 – 4 April 1959) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Early life and career[edit]

Charles Edward Hudson was born on 29 May 1892, the son of Lieutenant-Colonel H.E. Hudson. He was educated at a Prep School in East Grinstead, Surrey, and later at Sherborne School, Dorset, which he attended (The Green) from September 1905 to July 1910. Charles did not stand out during his time at Sherborne School. He later recounted in his biography, Two Lives 1892-1992,[1] that being morbidly afraid of physical pain he was "terribly conscious of being a coward on the football field" and that it was not until he had been at Sherborne for some years that he was able to overcome these physical fears.

After leaving Sherborne School, Hudson went to the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, but was unable to finish the one year course owing to the death of his father. Instead he went to Ceylon and from 1912 to 1914 worked as a rubber planter. On the outbreak of the First World War he returned to England and was granted a commission in the Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) 2nd Bn., with whom he served in France and Italy, to the rank of temporary Lieutenant-Colonel. During this time he received numerous military honours: in 1916 he was awarded the Military Cross, in 1917 the DSO and bar, and in 1918 the Victoria Cross. He was also mentioned in despatches five times and was awarded the Croix de Guerre and the Italian Silver Medal for Valour. At just the age of 26, Hudson was one of the youngest Old Shirburnians to be awarded the Victoria Cross.

VC action[edit]

Hudson was awarded the Victoria Cross for his actions in the First World War: On 15 June 1918 near Asiago, Italy, the 26 year-old Hudson was a lieutenant colonel in the Sherwood Foresters (The Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), British Army, Commander 11th Battalion. During an attack when the enemy had penetrated the front line, Lieutenant Colonel Hudson collected and personally led various headquarter details such as orderlies, servants, runners, etc. to deal with the situation. He rushed a position with only two men, shouting to the enemy to surrender, some of whom did. He was severely wounded by a bomb that exploded on his foot. In great pain he gave directions for a successful counter-attack that captured about 100 prisoners and six machine-guns. For this, he was awarded the Victoria Cross. The citation appeared in The London Gazette Supplement, 11 July 1918 [2]

In Testament of Youth[3] Vera Brittain describes several meetings with the convalescent Hudson while she was trying to discover the circumstances of the death of her brother, Captain Edward Brittain M.C., who had served under him.

Subsequent career and death[edit]

After the First World War, Hudson was made in 1932 a PSC, brevet Lieutenant-Colonel (K.O.S.B.). He became a Chief Instructor at the R.M.C. 1933-1936. From 1938 to 1940, Hudson commanded 2nd Brigade, including during the Battle of France. He was GOC 46th Division from December 1940 to May 1941, but never again held a divisional command. He was Aide-de-camp to the King from 1944 until his retirement in 1946. He was awarded the Order of St John of Jerusalem (Commander). He died on 4 April 1959.

An obituary for Brigadier Charles Edward Hudson was published in the Old Shirburnian Society Annual Report, September 1959: The decorations bestowed on Charles Edward Hudson themselves give proof of his calibre as a soldier: V.C., C.B., D.S.O and bar, M.C., Croix de Guerre, and Italian Silver Medal for Valour. He was a graduate of the Staff College, had been the Chief Instructor at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst from 1933 to 1936, had commanded a Battalion and Infantry Brigade and from 1944 to 1946 was an A.D.C. to the King. In 1949 he became the Devon County Commissioner of St Johns Ambulance Brigade and later, Chairman of the Order of St John in Devon. His two sons were both Shirburnians - J.P.C. Hudson (Harper House 1936-1940) was killed in action in North Africa in 1943, and M.M.L. Hudson (Harper House 1939-1943) is a Major in the 12th Royal Lancers. His brother T.H. Hudson was at The Green from 1903 to 1906. It was most fitting that such a distinguished Shirburnian whose own son was amongst those whose memory was there to be perpetuated, should perform the ceremony opening the Big Schoolroom on 10 November 1956. His speech on that occasion will still be fresh in the minds of those who heard it.[4]

His medals are on display at Nottingham Castle.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Two Lives 1892-1992. The Memoirs of Charles Edward Hudson, VC, CB, DSO, MC, and Miles Matthew Lee Hudson, also some poems by Charles Edward Hudson (privately published by Wilton 65, Bishop Wilton, York, September 1992
  2. ^ Citation for Captain Charles Edward Hudson, D.S.O., M.C., The London Gazette Supplement, 11 July 1918.
  3. ^ ISBN: 0140188444
  4. ^ Obituary for Brigadier Charles Edward Hudson, Old Shirburnian Society Annual Report, September 1959.
  5. ^ [1]
  • Nick Smart, Biographical Dictionary of British Generals of the Second World War, . ISBN 1-84415-049-6.
  • Miles Hudson, Soldier, Poet, Rebel: The Extraordinary Life of Charles Hudson VC (The History Press Ltd., 2007).

External links[edit]