Charles Edwin Bessey
|Charles Edwin Bessey|
Charles Edwin Bessey
|Born||1 May 1845
|Died||25 February 1915|
|Institutions||Iowa Agricultural College|
|Alma mater||Michigan Agricultural College|
|Doctoral advisor||Asa Gray|
|Known for||Bessey system|
|Notable awards||Nebraska Hall of Fame|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Bessey|
He was born at Milton, Wayne County, Ohio. He graduated in 1869 at the Michigan Agricultural College. Bessey also studied at Harvard University under Asa Gray, in 1872 and in 1875–76. He was professor of botany at the Iowa Agricultural College, today known as Iowa State University from 1870 to 1884. In 1884, he was appointed professor of botany at the University of Nebraska and became head dean there in 1909. He also served as Chancellor of the University of Nebraska from 1888 to 1891 and again from 1899 to 1900. He served as president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1911.
- The Geography of Iowa (Cincinnati, 1878)
- Botany for High Schools and Colleges (New York, 1880)
- revision of McNab's Botany (1881)
- The Essentials of Botany (1884)
- Elementary Botany (1904)
- Plant Migration Studies (1905)
- Synopsis of Plant Phyla (1907)
- Outlines of Plant Phyla (1909)
- written with others, New Elementary Agriculture (ninth edition, 1911)
- Bessey, Charles (September 1897). "Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Angiosperms". Botanical Gazette XXIV (3): 145–178. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- Charles E. Bessey (1915). "The phylogenetic taxonomy of flowering plants". Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden (Missouri Botanical Garden Press) 2 (1/2): 109–164. doi:10.2307/2990030. JSTOR 2990030.
His arrangement of flowering plants taxa, with focus on the evolutionary divergence of primitive forms, is considered by many as the system most likely to form the basis of a modern, comprehensive taxonomy of the plant kingdom.
In 1967, Iowa State University built a Plant Industry Building, which was named after Bessey. Today the building is used by departments in the biological sciences.
In 2009 he was inducted to the Nebraska Hall of Fame.
- Spaulding, P. (1915). "CHARLES EDWIN BESSEY". Science (Mar 19, 1915) 41 (1055): 420–421. doi:10.1126/science.41.1055.420. PMID 17792492.
- Ewan, Joseph (1970–80). "Bessey, Charles Edwin". Dictionary of Scientific Biography 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 102–104. ISBN 978-0-684-10114-9.
- Overfield, Richard A. Science With Practice: Charles E. Bessey and the Maturing of American Botany. Iowa State University Press Series in the History of Technology and Science. Iowa State Press, 1993. (ISBN 0-8138-1822-2)
- Pool, Raymond J. A brief sketch of the life and work of Charles Edwin Bessey. Botanical Society of America, 1915.
- Tobey, Ronald C. 1981. Saving the Prairies: The Life Cycle of the Founding School of American Plant Ecology, 1895-1955. Berkeley: University of California Press. (ISBN 0-5200-4352-9)
- Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1891). "Bessey, Charles Edwin". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
Media related to Charles Edwin Bessey at Wikimedia Commons
- Charles Edwin, Bessey. Botany for high schools and colleges (7 ed.). New York: Henry Holt & Company. Retrieved 2009-04-04.
- Charles Bessey papers at the Iowa State University Library. Retrieved on July 10, 2009.
- Charles Bessey papers at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved on October 13, 2009.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.