Charles Emil Lewenhaupt
|Charles Emil Lewenhaupt|
|Born||March 28, 1691
|Died||August 4, 1743
|Battles/wars||Battle of Gadebusch,
Russo-Swedish War, 1741-1743
Charles Emil Lewenhaupt the Elder (March 28, 1691 – August 4, 1743) was a Swedish general.
He was born on March 28, 1691 to Count and Lieutenant General Carl Gustaf Löwenhaupt and Countess Amalia Wilhelmina von Königsmarck. At the age of 16, Lewenhaupt entered Dutch service where he was promoted to the rank of Captain in 1709. The year later he entered Swedish service. Lewenhaupt was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and participated at the Battle of Gadebusch in 1712. In 1722 Lewenhaupt was promoted to Major General. At the diet of 1741 he was a factor in the decision to wage war against Imperial Russia.
Following the war, on June 20, 1743, Lewenhaupt was sentenced to death on grounds of poor performance and conduct in the war. The execution was set to 20 July, and later postponed to 30 July. Lewenhaupts' son and a small party managed to free him, but Lewenhaupt was re-arrested when aboard a vessel in the Stockholm archipelago bound for Danzig. On August 4, 1743 Lewenhaupt was decapitated at Norrtull in Stockholm.
In 1720 Lewenhaupt married Beata Cronhielm. The couple had one son, Charles Emil Lewenhaupt the Younger (1721–1796).
- Lars Bergquist (2005). Swedenborg's secret: the meaning and significance of the word of God, the life of the angels, and service to God. Swedenborg Society. p. 159. ISBN 0-85448-143-5. "The Hats had chosen two generals as scapegoats for the defeat, both former officers under Charles XII: Henrik Magnus von Buddenbrock and Carl Emil Lewenhaupt. They were brought before a military tribunal and executed in August 1743. ..."
- Svenskt biografiskt handlexikon, 1906 (available online at Project Runeberg http://runeberg.org/sbh/b0042.html)