Charles F. Adams-class destroyer

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USS Charles F Adams (DDG-2) underway c1973.jpg
USS Charles F. Adams (DDG-2)
Class overview
Name: Charles F. Adams-class destroyer
Builders: Bath Iron Works
New York Shipbuilding Corporation
Defoe Shipbuilding Company
Todd Pacific Shipyards, Seattle, Washington
Avondale Marine
Puget Sound Bridge and Dredging Company
Operators:  United States Navy
 Hellenic Navy
Preceded by: Farragut-class destroyer
Succeeded by: Spruance-class destroyer
Subclasses:

 Royal Australian Navy: Perth-class

 German Navy: Lütjens-class
Completed: 23
Retired: 23
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Class & type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement: 3,277 tons standard, 4,526 full load
Length: 437 ft (133 m)
Beam: 47 ft (14 m)
Draught: 15 ft (4.6 m)
Propulsion: 2 × steam turbines providing 70,000 shp (52 MW); 2 shafts
4 × 1,275 psi (8,790 kPa) boilers
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h)
Complement: 310-333
Sensors and
processing systems:
1 AN/SPS-10 surface search RADAR[1]
1 AN/SPS-37 air search RADAR[1]
1 AN/SPS-39 3D air search RADAR[1]
2 AN/SPG-51 Tartar fire control RADAR[1][2]
1 AN/SPG-53 gun fire control RADAR[1][3]
AN/SQS-23 SONAR[1][4]
Armament:

1 Mk 11 missile launcher (DDG2-14) or Mk 13 single arm missile launcher (DDG-15-24) for RIM-24 Tartar SAM system, or later the RIM-66 Standard (SM-1) and Harpoon antiship missile
2 × 5"/54 caliber Mark 42 (127 mm) gun


1 × RUR-5 ASROC Launcher
6 × 12.8 in (324 mm) ASW Torpedo Tubes (2 × Mark 32 Surface Vessel Torpedo Tubes)

The Charles F. Adams class is a ship class of 29 guided missile destroyers built between 1958 and 1967. Twenty three destroyers were built for the United States Navy, three for the Royal Australian Navy, and three for the West German Bundesmarine. The design of these ships was based on that of Forrest Sherman-class destroyers, but the Charles F. Adams class were the first class designed to serve as guided missile destroyers. 19 feet (5.8 m) of length was added to the center of the design of the Forrest Sherman-class to carry the ASROC launcher, and the boilers were upgraded from 600 psi (4,100 kPa) to 1,275 psi (8,790 kPa) boilers. Both changes caused significant maintenance problems in the long run for all the ships. The Charles F. Adams-class destroyers were the last steam turbine-powered destroyers built for the U.S. Navy. Starting with the later Spruance-class destroyers, all U.S. Navy destroyers have been powered by gas turbines. Some of the destroyers of the Charles F. Adams-class served during the blockade of Cuba in 1962 and during the War in Vietnam.

Although designed with cutting-edge technology for the 1950s, by the mid-1970s it was clear to the Navy that the Charles F. Adams-class destroyers were not prepared to deal with modern air attacks and guided missile. To reduce this vulnerability, the Navy began the New Threat Upgrade (NTU) program. This consisted of a number of sensor, weapons and communications upgrades that were intended to extend the service lives of the ships. Under the NTU, these destroyers received improved electronic warfare capability through the installation of the AN/SLQ-32(V)2 EW Suite.

The upgraded combat system would include the MK86 Gun Fire Control System with AN/SPQ-9 radar, the Hughes AN/SPS-52C 3D radar, the AN/SPG-51C (Digital) Fire Control Radars, and the Naval Tactical Data System (NTDS). These ships were also planned to have the ability to launch several Harpoon antiship missiles, which were to be installed in their MK-11 Tartar missile launcher.

During the 1980s, the Reagan Administration chose to accelerate production of the Ticonderoga-class guided missile cruisers and build the Arleigh Burke-class guided missile destroyers as replacements for these and other classes of destroyers, and of nuclear-powered cruisers. The result of this was that only three of these destroyers, Tattnall, Goldsborough, and Benjamin Stoddert received the full upgrade.

Other ships, of the class, such as Charles F. Adams, received only partial upgrades, which included the AN/SLQ-32 and Harpoon Missile upgrades, that were intended to extend their service lives until the Arleigh Burke-class could reach operational capability.

The United States Navy decommissioned its last Charles F. Adams destroyer, the Goldsborough, on 29 April 1993. The Australian and German navies decommissioned their last ships of this class by 2003. Four ships of this class were transferred to the Hellenic Navy in 1992, but those have also been decommissioned.

The Charles F. Adams has been placed on inactive hold status and there are attempts by private groups to have it preserved as a museum ship. Mölders (D186) was made into a museum ship, but all of the other destroyers in the class have been sunk as targets, sunk for diving wrecks or sold for scrap.

Ships in class[edit]

Mölders, a Lütjens class destroyer as museum ship of the German Navy
Ship Name Hull No. Commission–
Decommission
Fate Notes
Charles F. Adams DDG-2 1960–1990 Museum hold [5]
John King DDG-3 1961–1990 Scrapped [6]
Lawrence DDG-4 1962–1990 Scrapped [7]
Claude V. Ricketts DDG-5 1962–1989 Scrapped [8]
Barney DDG-6 1962–1990 Scrapped [9]
Henry B. Wilson DDG-7 1960–1989 sunk as target ship [10]
Lynde McCormick DDG-8 1961–1991 Sunk as target [1]
Towers DDG-9 1961–1990 Sunk as target [2]
Sampson DDG-10 1961–1991 Scrapped [3]
Sellers DDG-11 1961–1989 Scrapped [4]
Robison DDG-12 1961–1991 Scrapped [5]
Hoel DDG-13 1962–1990 Converted to power barge, then scrapped [6]
Buchanan DDG-14 1962–1991 Sunk as target [7]
Berkeley DDG-15 1962–1992 Sold to Greece as Themistocles (D-221), scrapped later [8]
Joseph Strauss DDG-16 1963–1990 Sold to Greece as Formion (D-220), scrapped later [9]
Conyngham DDG-17 1963–1990 Scrapped [10]
Semmes DDG-18 1962–1991 Sold to Greece as Kimon (D-218), scrapped later [11]
Tattnall DDG-19 1963–1991 Scrapped [12]
Goldsborough DDG-20 1963–1993 Sold to Australia as a parts hulk, scrapped later [13]
Cochrane DDG-21 1964–1990 Scrapped [14]
Benjamin Stoddert DDG-22 1964–1991 Sank while under tow en route for scrapping [15]
Richard E. Byrd DDG-23 1964–1990 Sold to Greece for parts, sunk as target later [16]
Waddell DDG-24 1964–1992 Sold to Greece as Nearchos (D-219), sunk as target later [17]

Hellenic Navy

Lütjens class[edit]

The Lütjens rendering honours after 9-11

The Lütjens class destroyer was a modification of the Charles F. Adams class for the Bundesmarine (the Navy of West Germany). It differed from the Adams class in the layout of the crew accommodations, the location of the bow sonar, a second large aerial mast and different funnels.

Perth class[edit]

Main article: Perth class destroyer

The Royal Australian Navy had three Charles F. Adams class units constructed to their own specifications (these ships were designated the Perth class). Although broadly similar to the US Navy's vessels, the Australian ships were fitted with the Ikara system instead of the ASROC that was fitted to the American units. The three ships were:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Blackman, Raymond V. B. Jane's Fighting Ships (1970/71) p.437
  2. ^ Polmar, Norman "The U.S. Navy: Shipboard Radars" United States Naval Institute Proceedings December 1978 p.144
  3. ^ Polmar, Norman "The U.S. Navy: Shipboard Radars" United States Naval Institute Proceedings December 1978 p.145
  4. ^ Polmar, Norman "The U.S. Navy: Sonars, Part 1" United States Naval Institute Proceedings July 1981 p.119
  5. ^ http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/DDG2.htm
  6. ^ http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/DDG3.htm
  7. ^ http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/DDG4.htm
  8. ^ http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/DDG5.htm
  9. ^ http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/DDG6.htm
  10. ^ http://www.nvr.navy.mil/nvrships/details/DDG7.htm

References[edit]

External links[edit]