September 5, 1887|
Bradford, Yorkshire, England
|Died||October 12, 1945(aged 58)|
|Education||Brasenose College, Oxford|
Charles Edward Fairburn (5 September 1887 — 12 October 1945) was an electrical engineer whose work mainly concerned rail transport.
Born in Bradford in 1887, and educated at Brasenose College, Oxford, his career included railway electrification work undertaken in the 1910s at the Siemens Brothers Dynamo Works Ltd., then similar work at English Electric in the 1920s where he also was involved in electric traction development work. In 1934 he joined the London, Midland and Scottish Railway where he was responsible for the introduction of new classes of diesel-electric shunting locomotives - he became Chief Mechanical Engineer of the company in the 1940s, but died in 1945 aged 58.
Charles Edward Fairburn was born on 5 September 1887 in Bradford. After an education at Bradford Grammar School he won a scholarship to Brasenose College, Oxford University where he studied mathematics and engineering, and obtained a first class degree. After college he served two years under the tutelage of Henry Fowler at the Derby Works of the Midland Railway. He studied technical drawing at Derby, and metallurgy at Sheffield, obtaining a MA in 1912.
Fairburn's career then began in 1912 at the Siemens Brothers dynamo works (Siemens Brothers Dynamo Works Ltd.) in Stafford, where he worked in the railway engineering department; he was an assistant engineer on the Shildon-Newport electrification of the North Eastern Railway (see Railway electrification in Great Britain), being responsible for the design of overhead line electrification equipment and introduction of electric locomotives.
In 1914 he married Eleanor née Cadman of Bradford.
During World War I Fairburn served in the Royal Flying Corps in an experimental squadron, where he was involved in the development of dive bomber aircraft using the Sopwith Camel, also developing night, formation and cloud flying, and organising training in those subjects. In 1919 he joined English Electric and developed their railway electrification department; by 1931 he had risen to chief engineer of the traction department, having been involved in electrification schemes on the Southern Railway, the New Zealand Government Railways, the Great Indian Peninsula Railway, the London Post Office Railway, the Danske Statsbaner, He collaborated with Dr. Kando of the Ganz Works in Hungary.ref>The Engineer (19 Oct. 1945) p. 307 col.3</ref>
In 1934 Fairburn joined the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) as Chief Electrical Engineer. In 1938 he was appointed Deputy Chief Mechanical Engineer (CME) under William Stanier. He was responsible for the introduction of diesel-electric shunters onto the LMS, creating types that would form the basis of over 1400 shunters used by British Railways.
In 1945 he introduced the LMS Fairburn 2-6-4T, a modified version of the LMS Stanier 2-6-4T with a shortened wheelbase, and made proposals for the first mainline diesel locomotives which where carried out under his successor H.G. Ivatt. (see also LMS 10000)
- Fairburn, C.E. (1938), "The trend of design of electric locomotives", Journal of the Institution of Electrical Engineers 83 (503): 581–617
- Fairburn, C. E. (1941). "Diesel shunting locomotives". Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers 31 (161): 175–126. doi:10.1243/JILE_PROC_1941_031_028_02.
- Fairburn, C. E. (1944). "The maintenance of diesel electric shunting locomotives on the L.M.S. Railway". Journal of the Institution of Locomotive Engineers 34 (179): 212–226. doi:10.1243/JILE_PROC_1944_034_020_02.
- Fairburn, C. E. (1944). "The Electrification of the Wirral Lines of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. Railway Engineering Division". ICE Engineering Division Papers 2 (5): 1. doi:10.1680/idivp.1944.13219.
- Carpenter 2004, para.1.
- The Engineer (19 Oct. 1945) p.307 col.2
- Carpenter 2004, para.2.
- Carpenter 2004, para.3.
- Smith, Peter C. (2008), 2. Birth of the Dive Bomber, "Dive Bomber!: Aircraft, Technology, and Tactics in World War II", Stackpole Military Series
- The Engineer (19 Oct. 1945) p.307 col.3
- Carpenter 2004, para.3-4.
- Carpenter 2004, para.5-6.
- Carpenter 2004, para.5.
- "L.M.S. Tank Engine", The Engineer 179, 29 Jun 1945: 505
- Carpenter 2004, para.2, 8.
- Carpenter, G. W. (2004). "Fairburn, Charles Edward (1887–1945), railway engineer". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/37408.
- "Charles Edward Fairburn", The Engineer 180, 19 Oct 1945: 307–308
- "Charles Edward Fairburn", www.steamindex.com
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|Chief Mechanical Engineer of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway
1944 – 1945
Henry George Ivatt