Charles Francis Adams III
|Charles Francis Adams III|
|Adams (left) with Speaker of the House Nicholas Longworth on the White House lawn, June 27, 1929.|
|44th United States Secretary of the Navy|
March 5, 1929 – March 4, 1933
|Preceded by||Curtis D. Wilbur|
|Succeeded by||Claude A. Swanson|
|Born||August 2, 1866
|Died||June 10, 1954
|Spouse(s)||Frances Lovering Adams|
|Alma mater||Harvard University|
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Yachtsman|
A scion of the Adams family that gave the country two presidents, Charles Francis III was born in Quincy, Massachusetts to John Quincy Adams II (1833–1894); the oldest son of the Secretary's grandfather Charles Francis Adams, Sr.; his great-grandfather was sixth U. S. President John Quincy Adams; and his great-great-grandfather was second U.S. President John Adams. His mother was Frances "Fanny" Cadwalader Crowninshield (1839-1911), the granddaughter of U.S. Secretary of the Navy Benjamin Williams Crowninshield.
Charles Francis Adams, Jr. (1835–1915) was the uncle, not the father of Charles Francis Adams III, an assumption regularly made by virtue of sequential name succession. Charles F. Adams, Jr. had five children, the first three being daughters, which may explain why his brother John Q. Adams II took the prerogative to name his son after their uncle. Charles, Jr.'s only sons (twins) were born in 1875.
Adams graduated cum laude from Harvard College (1888) and from Harvard Law School (1892). He was first a lawyer, then went into business. He married Frances Lovering, daughter of U.S. Representative William C. Lovering, in 1899. They had one son, Charles, and one daughter, Catherine (both noted below).
Adams served as Mayor of Quincy, Massachusetts from 1896 to 1897. Adams is the third cousin twice removed of Otis Norcross, 19th Mayor of Boston. Both descending from their fourth great grandfather, Joseph Adams; Otis from his first wife Mary [Chapin], and Charles from his second wife Hannah [Bass].
In 1903, while serving as President of the Massachusetts Historical Society, Adams proposed to Congress that the famed frigate USS Constitution be restored and returned to active service. This led to Congress authorizing funds for the restoration of Constitution and opening her to the public in 1907.
As Secretary of the Navy under President Herbert Hoover from 1929 to 1933, he vigorously promoted public understanding of the Navy's indispensable role in international affairs, and worked strenuously to maintain naval strength and efficiency during a period of severe economic depression. He served at the London Naval Conference in 1930 where he successfully maintained the principle of United States naval parity with Britain.
In 1929 he became a member of the District of Columbia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. His national membership number was 48,952. He was also an honorary companion of the Naval Order of the United States.
He died in 1954 and is interred in Mount Wollaston Cemetery in Quincy, Massachusetts next to his father and his grandfather.
Charles Francis Adams III and Frances [nee Lovering] had two children:
- His daughter, Catherine Adams, (b. January 13, 1902, d. September 28, 1988) married (June 26, 1923) Henry Sturgis Morgan, son of J. P. Morgan, Jr. and one of the founders of Morgan Stanley (1935), along with Harold Stanley. They had five sons.
- His son, Charles Francis Adams IV, (b. May 2, 1910, d. January 5, 1999) was a prominent businessman and first president of Raytheon Company, who married firstly Margaret [Stockton], and had issue: Abigail Adams, Allison Adams, Charles Francis Adams V, and Timothy Adams. He married secondly, widow Mrs. Beatrice D. Penati.
Charles Francis Adams III was a brother of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Alpha chapter).
The following is a selective family tree of notable members of the Adams family relative to Charles Francis Adams III:
President John Quincy Adams Louisa Catherine Johnson Peter Chardon Brooks Abigail [Brown] Charles Francis Adams, Sr. Abigail Brown [Brooks] George Caspar Crowninshield Harriet [Sears] Charles Francis Adams, Jr. John Quincy Adams, Jr Frances Cadwalader [Crowninshield] John Quincy Adams, III George Caspar Adams Charles Frances Adams, III Frances [Lovering] Frances C. Adams Arthur Adams Margery Lee [Sargeant] Abigail ("Hitty") Adams Robert Homans Catherine Lovering Adams Henry Sturgis Morgan Charles Francis Adams, IV Margaret [Stockton] Children 3 Sons; 1 Daughter Five Sons Abigail Adams James C.Manny Allison Adams Paul G. Hagan Charles Francis Adams V Timothy Adams
- Lint, Gregg L., Taylor, C. James, et al. The Adams Papers: Papers of John Adams, October 1782 - May 1783. Harvard: The Belknap Press, Vol. 14, p. xlii, Boston: Harvard University Press, 2008.
- Adams, Henry, Levenson, J. C., Massachusetts Historical Society, et al. The Letters of Henry Adams, Volumes 4 – 6, 1892–1918. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1989, pp. xxxvi – xxxvii.
- Browning, Charles Henry. Americans of Royal Descent: A Collection of Genealogies of American Families Whose Lineage is traced to the Legitimate Issue of Kings. Philadelphia: Porter & Costes, 1891, ed. 2, pp. 68 – 69.
- Cutter, William Richard and Adams, William Frederick. Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of the State of Massachusetts. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing. Co, Vol. 1, 1910, p. 541 – 545.
- Sons of the American Revolution Applications. http://www.ancestry.com
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A". American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
- New York Times. “J. Pierpont’s Second Son Engaged: Henry Sturgis, Harvard Junior, to Wed Miss Catherine Adams of Boston, After Graduation.” June 24, 1922, p. 26.
Government offices Preceded by
Curtis D. Wilbur
United States Secretary of the Navy
March 5, 1929 – March 4, 1933
Claude A. Swanson
- Charles Curtis (1929–1933)
Secretary of State Secretary of the Treasury Secretary of War Attorney General
- William DeWitt Mitchell (1929–1933)
- Walter F. Brown (1929–1933)
Secretary of the Navy
- Charles F. Adams, III (1929–1933)
Secretary of the Interior
- Ray Lyman Wilbur (1929–1933)
Secretary of Agriculture
- Arthur M. Hyde (1929–1933)
Secretary of Commerce Secretary of Labor