Charles Grant (Royal Navy officer)

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Charles Grant
Born 1770
Died 25 July 1824
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Rank Commodore
Commands held HMS Abergavenny
HMS Diana
HMS Armada
East Indies Station
Battles/wars Napoleonic Wars
First Anglo-Burmese War
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath

Commodore Charles Grant CB (1770 - 25 July 1824) was a Royal Navy officer who became Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station.

Naval career[edit]

Charles Grant was the son of Sir James Grant, 6th Baronet and Anne Colquhoun and lived at Cardonay in Scotland.[1]

His early commands included HMS Abergavenny which he was given in November 1800.[2] By 1810 he had taken charge of HMS Diana. In December 1810 men from the Diana succeeded in boarding and setting fire to the French frigate Elize which had run aground at Tatihou island while attempting to escape from La Hogue. Captain Grant declined any assistance, preferring stealth over force. The British succeeded in boarding and setting fire to Elize without suffering any losses despite fire from shore batteries and nearby French brigs.[3]

In January 1812 he was appointed to command HMS Armada.[4] On 23 July 1813, the seas pushed Armada into range of French batteries at Borgidhero. The batteries opened fire but the shots went over Armada. Armada landed her marines who captured the eastern battery and then entered the battery on the point of Borgidhero after the French had tried to blow it up. The marines spiked the guns. The landing party took fire from the nearby town so the frigates accompanying Armada fired on the town while the landing party burnt some vessels on the shore. Armada suffered two men wounded in the engagement.[5] Armada also took part in the Action of 5 November 1813 when part of the British Mediterranean Fleet led by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Pellew, and a French force under Rear-Admiral Julien Cosmao-Kerjulien clashed outside the French port of Toulon.[6] He was appointed CB on 4 June 1815.[7]

He was appointed to the Naval Command at the Cape of Good Hope with the rank of Commodore on 1 September 1821.[8]

Grant was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station in 1822.[9] In that capacity he was appointed commander of a British naval force sent on an expedition to Burma in Spring 1824 to counter Burmese aggression against the East India Company. The force included HMS Larne and HMS Sophie.[10] On 11 May 1924 Larne proceeded up the Irrawaddy and having silenced a gun battery, landed the troops who occupied Rangoon before proceeding further up river and then falling ill with cholera and other diseases.[10] Grant fell mortally ill and departed for Penang but died there two months later.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Peerage.com
  2. ^ Winfield (2008), p.111-2.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16438. p. 2061. 25 December 1810.
  4. ^ "NMM, vessel ID 380178". Warship Histories, vol iv. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16774. p. 1827. 14 September 1813.
  6. ^ James, p. 155.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17061. p. 1877. 16 September 1815.
  8. ^ Promotions, appointments etc. The New Monthly Magazine, 1 September 1821, p. 478
  9. ^ Hayden, Joseph, The Book of Dignitaries, Longman, 1851
  10. ^ a b c Captain Frederick Marryat, A Biography, by Mike Phillips, Naval Historian
Military offices
Preceded by
Henry Blackwood
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station
1822–1824
Succeeded by
James Brisbane