Charles Hiram Randall

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For other people of the same name, see Charles Randall (disambiguation).

Charles Hiram Randall (July 23, 1865 – February 18, 1951), known as Charles Randall, was a member of the U.S. Congress, the California State Assembly and the Los Angeles City Council in the 20th Century.

Biography[edit]

Randall

The son of the Rev. Elias J. Randall and Sarah F. Schooley, Randall was born on July 23, 1865, in Auburn, Nebraska, where he was educated in the public schools. He published the Observer beginning in 1885 in Kimball and edited a paper in Harrisburg in that state, and various independent weeklies, from 1885 to 1892. He worked as a postal clerk with the United States Railway Service, and in 1904, he moved to California, where he worked for two years for the Santa Fe Railroad and then founded the Highland Park Herald in that Los Angeles district, which he edited until 1915.[1]

He was married first to May E. (or Ethel May) Stanley, in November 1885. They had a daughter, Mrs. Clyde Cassels. His wife died in November 1931, and he and Edith B. Leake then married in November 1932.[1][2]

His addresses in Los Angeles were 1263 North Mariposa Avenue (near Pico and Normandie) and then 8973 Radford Avenue, North Hollywood. He was a Methodist. He died on February 18, 1951.[1][2][3]

Public life[edit]

State and national[edit]

Randall was a member of the California State Assembly from 1911 to 1912. In 1914, Randall was elected to the United States Congress as a member of the Prohibition Party. Randall won 28,097 votes (30.9%), Congressman Charles W. Bell won 27,560 votes (30.3%), Republican Frank C. Roberts won 25,176 (27.7%), and Socialist Henry Hart[disambiguation needed] won 10,084 votes (11.09%). Taking advantage of California election laws at the time, Randall was re-elected in 1916 as the nominee of the Prohibition, Democratic, Republican, and Progressive parties defeating Charles W. Bell (running as an independent candidate) by the margin of 58,826 to 33,270 (57.8% to 32.7%) with 9,661 votes for the Socialist Party candidate. On Apr 5, 1917, Randall voted against declaring war on Germany. Randall was re-elected by a 38,782 to 31,689 (55% to 45%) margin over a Republican in 1918. He is the only person designated as a member of the Prohibition Party to ever serve in the United States Congress. Randall was defeated for re-election in 1920 by a Republican, by margin of 62,952 votes (60%) to 36,675 votes.

Randall ran in 1922 (45,794 votes and 41%), 1924 (67,735 votes and 36% as a candidate of the Prohibition, Socialist, and Democratic parties), 1926 (61,719 votes and 38%), 1934 (18,760 votes and 14% as a Progressive), and 1940 (36,406 votes and 22% as a candidate of the Prohibition and Progressive parties).

In 1924 Randall was for a time the candidate for U.S. vice-president on the Ku Klux Klan-sponsored American Party ticket. He withdrew in August in order to concentrate on a race for Congress in California on both the American and Prohibition party tickets.[4]

Randall was also an independent candidate for the United States Senate from California in 1928, receiving 5% of the vote. Republican incumbent Hiram Johnson was re-elected overwhelmingly with 71% of the vote and Democrat Minor Moore received 23%.

Los Angeles City[edit]

Southeast corner of District 1 in the 1920s, with an inset photo of Randall

Randall was on the Park Commission 1909–11 and the Planning Commission 1911–12.[1]

Randall was the first person to represent the Los Angeles City Council District 1 under the new city charter of 1925. He served until 1933. The district in 1925 included all of the San Fernando Valley, some of the Santa Monica Mountains reaching south to include the Sherman district, the Cahuenga Pass, the Hollywood Hills, Griffith Park, Atwater and the eastern part of the Los Feliz District south to approximately Santa Monica Boulevard.[5][6] His activities were directed toward better roads, lighting systems and water and power improvements in the Valley.[1]

Elections[edit]

1925 Randall ran against four other candidates in the primary election and came in second. The results were: Charles T. Wardlaw, 3,106; Randall, 2,851; Edgar Lampton, 1,593; Arthur M. Fellows, 627; and Clara L. McDonald, 328. Randall was elected in the June final vote, 4,292 votes against Wardlaw's 3,719.[7]

1926 The council member faced a recall election in September, the first in the city under the new charter, but the attempt failed by a vote of 3,901 to 2,595. Names on the ballot to succeed him in case the recall succeeded were John W. Cooke, assistant city engineer stationed in Van Nuys, and Greeley Kolts.[8]

1927 Opposition continued before the May primary election because of Randall's handling of a San Fernando Road improvement district, his reputed delaying of the Glendale-Hyperion Bridge project and his changing of historic street names in the Valley, the main complaint being a change from [General William Tecumseh] Sherman Way to Van Nuys Boulevard.[9] He was elected in the primary, the votes being Randall, 4,691; John E. Lambert, who had the Times endorsement, 2,598; Frank W. Berkshire, 1,676; and Clara L. McDonald, 233.[10][11]

1929 Candidates in the May primary were Randall; Truitt Hughes, 44, retired lawyer and rancher, the choice of the Times; Charles G. Young, 40, an attorney; William C. McColl, 34, purchasing agent and building engineer; and Estelle C. Holman, former employee of Randall and former member of the City Planning Commission.[12] The primary results were Randall, 4,734; McColl, 2,247; Young, 1,346; Hughes, 1,025, and Holman, 384.[13] In the June final, Randall won over McColl, 8,529 votes to 7,375.[14]

1931 Randall won in the May primary, 5,856 against 3,732 for William C. McColl and 888 for Frank W. Rice.[15]

1933 Randall came in second in the May primary. The results were: Jim Wilson, 4,958; Randall, 4,889; Mark C. Sutton, 3,653; Sterling Martin, 1,661; George C. Audet, 1,074; Ray A. Schafer, 950; George Mozee, 835; and George E. Menner, 728.[16] In the June final, he lost by almost a 2–1 margin, 15,693 votes for Wilson to Randall's 8,375.[17]

Council presidency[edit]

Randall was elected council president on July 1, 1931, by a bare majority, and promptly "declared war in no uncertain terms" upon Mayor Porter, three Water and Power commissioners, the "power trust." the "patent paving trust" and the seven council members who voted against him.[18]

Controversies[edit]

1925 Angry San Fernando Valley residents verbally attacked Randall when he withdrew funds that had been set aside for (1) paving and improvement of Canoga, Devonshire and Chatsworth Streets and (2) building a new road from the Valley through Beverly Glen to the main part of Los Angeles. He said he wanted the adjoining property owners, not the city, to pay for the work.[19]

1926 He was accused by Charles C. Grider, president of the First Councilmanic District Civic League, of failing to keep his campaign promises to (1) immediately construct a 40-mile stretch of Riverside Drive and a "truck speedway," (2) begin construction of a high school in the district, (3) build bridges across the Los Angeles River at Fletcher Avenue, Alessandro Street, Glendale Boulevard and Dayton Street, (4) secure "immediate removal of the Los Feliz Hospital and the dairy at the foot of Alessandro Street," (5) build a school in West Atwater and enlarge the school in East Atwater and (5) widen Glendale Boulevard, Alessandro and Riverside Drive to 100 feet.[8]

1927 Charges were made that Randall used his official position to delay the paving of seven miles of San Fernando Road in order to have the highway graded to the same level as Radford Avenue, on which Randall owned property.[20]

1927 Randall fought against the removal from the new five-member city Planning Commission of his secretary, Estelle C. Holman, who had been appointed by Mayor George Cryer but who was ruled ineligible because she had not been a member of the former 50-member commission under the old city charter.[21]

1928 He was overruled by the council in his desire to install seven miles of ornamental lighting posts on San Fernando Road, a move that was endorsed by the Municipal Art Commission.[22]

1931 Randall at first voted in favor of having the city attorney appeal a judge's decision ordering the city to stop the practice of segregating its swimming pools by race—a practice that had been going on since July 30, 1925. Randall had vigorously opposed the judge's ruling, stating that it was "so sweeping" that the Playground and Recreation Commission "will not be able to designate the days when Boy Scouts can go to the mountain camps. Why, the board can't even set separate days for men and women to bathe." But just the next week, he switched his vote to a new majority decision, favoring integation, which prompted Council Member Evan Lewis—who favored the appeal—to ask the reason. Randall replied that a Negro politician had "conferred" with him and "convinced" him of his error.[23][24][25]

References[edit]

Access to the Los Angeles Times links requires the use of a library card.

  1. ^ a b c d e Biography folder, Los Angeles Public Library, via Internet
  2. ^ a b "Randall Burial Set Tomorrow," Los Angeles Times, November 13, 1931, page A-3
  3. ^ "Mrs. C.H. Randall Ill in Hospital," Los Angeles Times, May 4, 1929, page A-8
  4. ^ "Angeleno Quits Race for Vice-President," Los Angeles Times, August 22, 1924, page 13
  5. ^ "First Map Showing City Council's Districts," Los Angeles Times, January 16, 1925, page 1 The map shows all 15 council districts. The official boundaries of all 15 as limned by the city clerk are at "Councilmanic Districts Are Traced by Clerk Dominguez," Los Angeles Times, February 12, 1925, page A-2
  6. ^ "Here Are the Hundred and Twelve Aspirants for the City's Fifteen Councilmanic Seats," Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1925, page 7
  7. ^ "Election Returns," Los Angeles Times, June 4, 1925, page 1
  8. ^ a b "Retention of Randall Announced," Los Angeles Times, September 23, 1926, page A-2
  9. ^ "Randall Faced by Irate Foes," Los Angeles Times, May 12, 1926, page A-1
  10. ^ "Expect Light Primary Vote," Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1927, page 12
  11. ^ "Election Returns," Los Angeles Times, May 5, 1927, page A-1
  12. ^ "Aldermanic Office-Seekers Average More Than Six to Each of the Fifteen Districts," Los Angeles Times, May 5, 1929, pages 1 and 6
  13. ^ "Election Results," Los Angeles Times, May 9, 1929, page 1
  14. ^ "Election Returns," Los Angeles Times, June 6, 1929, page A-1
  15. ^ "Election Returns," Los Angeles Times, May 7, 1931, page A-1
  16. ^ "Election Results," Los Angeles Times, May 4, 1933, page A-1
  17. ^ "Election Returns," Los Angeles Times, June 8, 1933, page A-1
  18. ^ "Council Makes Randall Chief," Los Angeles Times, July 2, 1931, page A-1
  19. ^ "Randall Draws Valley's Wrath," Los Angeles Times, July 22, 1925, page A-1
  20. ^ "Sharp Stick for Randall," Los Angeles Times, April 18, 1927, page A-6
  21. ^ "City Plan Member Ousted," Los Angeles Times, July 1, 1927, page A-1
  22. ^ "Randall Lights to Go Out," Los Angeles Times, February 14, 1928, page A-1
  23. ^ Douglas Flamming, Bound for Freedom:Black Los Angeles in Jim Crow America, University of California Press (2005). ISBN 0-520-23919-9
  24. ^ "City Swimming Pools Opened to All Races," Los Angeles Times, June 26, 1931, page A1
  25. ^ "Vote Drops City's Pool Racial Case," Los Angeles Times, July 4, 1931, page A-1

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Los Angeles City Council
1st District

1925–1931
Succeeded by
Jim Wilson
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Charles W. Bell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 9th congressional district

1915–1921
Succeeded by
Walter F. Lineberger