Charles H. T. Collis

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Charles H. T. Collis
Charles HT Collis.jpg
Born (1838-02-04)February 4, 1838
County Cork, Ireland
Died May 11, 1902(1902-05-11) (aged 64)
Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
Place of burial Gettysburg National Cemetery
Allegiance United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Years of service 1861 - 1865
Rank Union army col rank insignia.jpg Colonel
Union army maj gen rank insignia.jpg Brevet Major General
Commands held 18th Pennsylvania Infantry
114th Pennsylvania Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War
 • Battle of Fredericksburg
 • Battle of Chancellorsville
 • Siege of Petersburg
Awards Medal of Honor

Charles Henry Tucker "Tucky" Collis (February 4, 1838 - May 11, 1902) was an Irish-American US Army officer who received the Medal of Honor for his actions in the American Civil War.

Life[edit]

Collis was born in County Cork, Ireland, and immigrated with his father to the United States in 1853. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1859. At the start of the Civil War, he enlisted in the 18th Pennsylvania Infantry, and within three months was promoted to sergeant major. Following his first enlistment, he was commissioned a captain and in August 1861 he raised a company from amongst European immigrants, called Collis' Independent Company "Zouaves d'Afrique" (African Zouaves). [1]

On September 1, 1862, after his unit performed well in the Shenandoah Valley, Collis was promoted to colonel and instructed to recruit a regiment, which would become the 114th Pennsylvania Infantry. He commanded the regiment during the Battle of Fredericksburg, for which he later received the Medal of Honor. He was later wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville and contracted typhoid fever, but recovered by August 1863, becoming a brigade commander under major general David B. Birney.

On December 12, 1864, President Abraham Lincoln nominated Collis for appointment to the brevet grade of brigadier general of volunteers to rank from October 28, 1864 and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on February 14, 1865.[2] Collis was given command of an independent brigade, commanding this unit the Siege of Petersburg. Collis was mustered out of the volunteers on May 29, 1865.[3] On January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Collis for appointment to the brevet grade of major general of volunteers to rank from March 13, 1865, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.[4]

Following the war, Collis returned to practicing law, becoming an Assistant City Solicitor in Philadelphia. Collis died at Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania on May 11, 1902. He was buried at Gettysburg National Cemetery.

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Rank and organization: Colonel, 114th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862. Entered service at: Philadelphia, Pa. Born: 4 February 1838, Ireland. Date of issue: 10 March 1893.

Gallantly led his regiment in battle at a critical moment.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pennsylvania Civil War units
  2. ^ Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3. p. 743
  3. ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 180
  4. ^ Eicher, 2001, p. 711

References[edit]

External links[edit]