Charles Hardy

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For other people named Charles Hardy, see Charles Hardy (disambiguation).
Sir Charles Hardy
Admiral Sir Charles Hardy, 1780.jpg
Hardy, painted by George Romney in 1780
Born ca. 1714
Died 18 May 1780
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1731 - 1780
Rank Admiral of the White
Commands held HMS Torrington
Greenwich Hospital
Channel Fleet

Admiral of the Fleet Sir Charles Hardy (ca. 1714 – 18 May 1780) was a Royal Navy officer and colonial governor of New York.

Early career[edit]

Born at Portsmouth, the son of a vice admiral, Charles Hardy joined the Royal Navy as a volunteer in 1731.[1]

He became a captain in the Royal Navy on 10 August 1741,[1] around the age of 27. His first command was the 24-gun HMS Rye, stationed off the British Carolinas from January 1742 to February 1744.[2] In 1744 he was appointed governor and commander-in-chief of the British colony of Newfoundland, though there is no record of his visiting it during his term in office.[1] In 1745 he took command of HMS Torrington, assisting in the protection of a convoy which brought reinforcements from Gibraltar to the newly captured fortress of Louisbourg.[1]

He was knighted in 1755 and served as governor of the Colony of New York from 1755 to 1757[1] (replaced by James Delancey). During his term he was made Rear Admiral of the Blue.

Seven Years War[edit]

In 1757, under the command of Vice Admiral Francis Holburne, Hardy escorted Lord Loudoun and his army from New York to Halifax intending to attack Louisbourg, but the attack was called off when Louisbourg was found to be strongly defended by a French fleet. The next year, he was second in command under Admiral Edward Boscawen at the successful Siege of Louisbourg.[1]

That autumn, he and James Wolfe attacked French posts around the mouth of the St. Lawrence River and destroyed all of the French fishing stations along the northern shores of what is now New Brunswick and along the Gaspé peninsula. He also participated in Hawke's victory at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759.[1] He became Member of Parliament for Rochester in 1764.[3]

Hardy served as governor of Greenwich Hospital from 1771 to 1780. In 1778, he was made Admiral of the White. In 1779 he became Commander-in-Chief of the Channel Fleet, remaining in that post until his death in May 1780.[1]

Personal life[edit]

In 1749 he married Mary Tate and in 1759, following his first wife's death, he married Catharine Stanyan,[1] the daughter of Temple Stanyan. Through Catherine, he inherited Temple Stanyan's estate at Rawlins, Oxfordshire.

The couple had three sons and two daughters. Sir Charles Hardy died at Spithead. He bequeathed £3000 to each of the sons and £4000 to each daughter,[1] as well as leaving his estate to his eldest son Temple Hardy. By Catharine's death in 1801, only Temple survived of the three sons. Hardy's brother Josiah was a merchant and the Governor of New Jersey from 1761-63.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Charles Hardy at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ May, W.E. (July 1970). "His Majesty's Ships on the Carolina Station". The South Carolina Historical Magazine (South Carolina Historical Society) 71 (3): 164. Retrieved 8 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Biography at Government House The Governorship of Newfoundland and Labrador

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Thomas Smith
Commodore Governor of Newfoundland
1744–1744
Succeeded by
Richard Edwards
Preceded by
James DeLancey (acting)
Governor of the Province of New York
1755–1758
Succeeded by
James DeLancey (acting)
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Francis Holburne
Governor, Greenwich Hospital
1771–1780
Succeeded by
Sir Hugh Palliser