Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle

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For other people named Charles Howard, see Charles Howard (disambiguation).
The Earl of Carlisle.

Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle (1629 – 24 February 1685) was an English military leader and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1653 and 1660 and was created Earl of Carlisle in 1661.

Howard was the son and heir of Sir William Howard, of Naworth in Cumberland, by Mary, daughter of William, Lord Eure, and great-grandson of Lord William Howard, "Belted Will" (1563–1640), the third son of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk.[1] In 1645 he conformed to the Church of England and supported the government of the Commonwealth, being appointed High Sheriff of Cumberland in 1650. He bought Carlisle Castle and became governor of the town. He distinguished himself at the Battle of Worcester on Cromwell's side and made a member of the council of state in 1653, chosen captain of the protector's body-guard and selected to carry out various public duties. In 1653 he was nominated as Member of Parliament for the Four Northern Counties in the Barebones Parliament. He was elected MPP for Cumberland in 1654.[1]

In 1655 Howard was given a regiment, was appointed a commissioner to try the northern rebels, and a deputy major-general of Cumberland, Westmorland and Northumberland. He was re-elected MP for Cumberland in 1656.[1] In 1657 he was included in Cromwell's House of Lords and voted for the protector's assumption of the royal title the same year. In 1659 he urged Richard Cromwell to defend his government by force against the army leaders, but his advice being refused he used his influence in favor of a restoration of the monarchy, and after Richard's fall he was imprisoned. In April 1660 he sat again in parliament for Cumberland, and at the Restoration was made custos rotulorum and Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland and Lord Lieutenant of Westmorland.[1]

On 20 April 1661 Howard was created Baron Dacre of Gillesland, Viscount Howard of Morpeth, and Earl of Carlisle; the same year he was made Vice-Admiral of Northumberland, Cumberland and Durham, and in 1662 joint commissioner for the office of Earl Marshal. In 1663 he was appointed ambassador to Russia, Sweden and Denmark, and in 1668 he carried the Garter to Charles XI of Sweden.

In 1667 Howard was made lieutenant-general of the forces and joint commander-in-chief of the four northernmost counties. In 1672 he became one of the commissioners for the office of Lord Lieutenant of Durham, and in 1673 deputy earl marshal. In 1678 he was appointed governor of Jamaica, and reappointed governor of Carlisle. He died in 1685, and was buried in York Minster. He married Anne (d. 1696), daughter of Edward Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Escrick, by whom he had six children:

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Separate constituences
Member of Parliament for the Four Northern Counties
1653
With: Robert Fenwick
Henry Dawson
Henry Ogle
Succeeded by
Separate constituencies
Preceded by
Not represented in Barebones Parliament
Member of Parliament for Cumberland
1654-1656
With: William Briscoe
Succeeded by
William Briscoe
Sir Wilfrid Lawson
Preceded by
William Briscoe
Sir Wilfrid Lawson
Member of Parliament for Cumberland
with Sir Wilfrid Lawson

1660–1661
Succeeded by
Sir Patricius Curwen, Bt
Sir George Fletcher, Bt
Honorary titles
English Interregnum Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland
and Westmorland

1660–1685
Succeeded by
The Earl of Thanet
Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland
1660–1685
Vice-Admiral of Cumberland and Westmorland
1661–1685
Succeeded by
Sir John Lowther, Bt
Vice-Admiral of Durham and Northumberland
1661–1685
Vacant
Title next held by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Henry Morgan, acting
Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica
1678–1680
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Morgan, acting
Peerage of England
New title Earl of Carlisle
1661–1685
Succeeded by
Edward Howard