Charles I, Duke of Bourbon

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Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
TombeauCharlesIdeBourbon.jpg
Stone statue of Charles I, Duke of Bourbon in the abbey church of Souvigny
Spouse(s) Agnes of Burgundy
Noble family House of Bourbon
Father John I, Duke of Bourbon
Mother Marie, Duchess of Auvergne
Born 1401
Died 4 December 1456(1456-12-04)
Château de Moulins

Charles de Bourbon (1401 – 4 December 1456, Château de Moulins) was the oldest son of John I, Duke of Bourbon and Marie, Duchess of Auvergne.

He was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis from 1424, and Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne from 1434 to his death, although due to the imprisonment of his father after the Battle of Agincourt, he acquired control of the duchy more than eighteen years before his father's death.[1]

In 1425, Charles renewed his earlier betrothal by marrying Agnes of Burgundy (1407–1476), daughter of John the Fearless.[2] Charles entered a relationship with Jeanne de Bournan, together they had Louis de Bourbon, Count of Roussillon. Louis founded the House of Bourbon-Roussillon (Rossello). Louis is known for his many services to the State. As a reward for his loyalty and dedication to Louis XI during the League of the Public Weal conflict, Louis XI gave him in marriage his legitimized daughter Jeanne de Valois.

Charles served with distinction in the Royal army during the Hundred Years' War, while nevertheless maintaining a truce with his brother-in-law and otherwise enemy, Philip III, Duke of Burgundy. Both dukes were reconciled and signed an alliance by 1440.[3] He was present at the coronation of Charles VII where he fulfilled the function of a peer and conferred knighthood.[4]

Despite this service, he took part in the "Praguerie" (a revolt by the French nobles against Charles VII) in 1439–1440. When the revolt collapsed, he was forced to beg for mercy from the King, and was stripped of some of his lands.[5] He died on his estates in 1456.

Children[edit]

Charles and Agnes had eleven children:

Illegitimate Children[edit]

  • Louis de Bourbon, He is one of the first Knights of the Order of Saint-Michel appointed by letters patent of Louis XI in 1469.
  • Renaud de Bourbon, abbot of Saint-Sauveur-le-Vicomte, is Archbishop of Narbonne from 1473 to 1482.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pernoud, Régine, Marie-Véronique Clin, Prof. Jeremy duQuesnay Adams, and Bonnie Wheeler, Joan of Arc, (St.Martin's Press:New York, 1986), 177.
  2. ^ Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Good, (The Boydell Press: London, 2004), 123.
  3. ^ Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Good, 123.
  4. ^ Pernoud, Régine, Joan of Arc, 177.
  5. ^ Pernoud, Régine, Joan of Arc, 177

References[edit]

  • Pernoud, Régine, Marie-Véronique Clin, Prof. Jeremy duQuesnay Adams, and Bonnie Wheeler, Joan of Arc, (St.Martin's Press:New York, 1986)
  • Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Good, (The Boydell Press: London, 2004)
Charles I, Duke of Bourbon
Born: 1401 Died: 4 December 1456
French nobility
Preceded by
John I and Marie
Duke of Auvergne
1434–1456
Succeeded by
John II
Preceded by
John I
Duke of Bourbon
Count of Forez

1434–1456
Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1424–1456