Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

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Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Karl I. von Braunschweig.jpg
Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Spouse(s) Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
Noble family House of Guelph
Father Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Mother Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Born (1713-08-01)1 August 1713
Brunswick
Died 26 March 1780(1780-03-26) (aged 66)
Brunswick
Painting by Antoine Pesne

Charles (German: Karl; 1 August 1713, Braunschweig – 26 March 1780, Braunschweig), Duke of Brunswick-Lunenburg (Bevern line), was ruling as Prince of Wolfenbüttel from 1735 until his death.

Life[edit]

Silver coin of Charles I, dated 1764

Charles was the eldest son of Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg. He fought under Prince Eugene of Savoy against the Ottoman Empire before inheriting the Principality of Wolfenbüttel from his father in 1735. On the suggestion of his priest, Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Jerusalem, in 1745 he founded the Collegium Carolinum, an institute of higher education which is today known as the Technical University of Brunswick. He also hired Gotthold Ephraim Lessing as the librarian for the Bibliotheca Augusta, the ducal library.

Charles attempted to promote the economic development of his state; for example, he founded the Fürstenberg Porcelain Company, and he installed mandatory fire insurance. However, he did not manage to keep the state finances in check. As a consequence, in 1773 his eldest son Charles William Ferdinand took over government.

Marriage and children[edit]

In 1733, Charles married Philippine Charlotte, daughter of King Frederick William I of Prussia. They had the following children that reached adulthood:

Charles also had a child out of wedlock, Christian Theodor von Pincier (1750–1824), the adopted son of Baron von Pincier of Sweden.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Cadet branch of the House of Welf
Born: 1 August 1713 Died: 26 March 1780
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Ferdinand Albert II
Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Prince of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

1735-1780
Succeeded by
Charles William Ferdinand