Charles III, Prince of Monaco

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charles III
Karl III (Monaco).jpg
Prince of Monaco
Reign 20 June 1856 – 10 September 1889
Predecessor Florestan I
Successor Albert I
Spouse Antoinette de Mérode
Issue Albert I, Prince of Monaco
Full name
Charles Honoré Grimaldi
House House of Grimaldi
Father Florestan I of Monaco
Mother Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz
Born (1818-12-08)8 December 1818
Paris, France
Died 10 September 1889(1889-09-10) (aged 70)
Château de Marchais
Burial Saint Nicholas Cathedral
Monaco-Ville, Monaco

Charles III (8 December 1818 – 10 September 1889) was Prince of Monaco and Duke of Valentinois from 20 June 1856 to his death. He was the founder of the famous casino in Monte Carlo, as his title in Monegasque and Italian was Carlo III.[1]

He was born in Paris Charles Honoré Grimaldi, the only son of Florestan I of Monaco and Maria Caroline Gibert de Lametz.

Marriage and reign[edit]

Royal Monogram of Prince Charles III of Monaco

Charles was married on 28 September 1846 in Brussels to Countess Antoinette de Mérode-Westerloo. He was succeeded by his son Albert I of Monaco. During his reign, the towns of Menton and Roquebrune, constituting some 80 percent of Monegasque territory, were formally ceded to France, paving the way for formal French recognition of Monaco's independence.

Under Charles III, the Principality of Monaco increased its diplomatic activities; for example, in 1864, Charles III concluded a Treaty of Friendship with the Bey of Tunis, Muhammad III as-Sadiq, which also regulated trade and maritime issues.

Honours[edit]

He was the 182nd Grand Cross of the Order of the Tower and Sword.

Monte Carlo is named after Charles III. It stands for the "Mount Charles" in Italian.

Death[edit]

In his middle years his sight greatly weakened, and by the last decade of his life he had become almost totally blind. He died at Château de Marchais.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

Charles III, Prince of Monaco
Cadet branch of the House of Matignon
Born: 8 December 1818 Died: 10 September 1889
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Florestan I
Prince of Monaco
1856–1889
Succeeded by
Albert I
Monegasque royalty
Preceded by
Florestan I
Hereditary Prince of Monaco
1841–1856
Succeeded by
Albert I
Marquis of Baux
1841–1856
Titles of nobility
Preceded by
Florestan I
Duke of Valentinois
1856–1889
Succeeded by
Albert I