Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville

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Not to be confused with Henri Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville.
Charles SAINTE-CLAIRE DEVILLE

Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville (February 26, 1814 – October 10, 1876) was a geologist and meteorologist.

Born in St Thomas he was the brother of Henri Etienne Sainte-Claire Deville.

Having attended at the École des Mines in Paris, he assisted Élie de Beaumont in the chair of geology at the Collège de France from 1855 until he succeeded him in 1874. He made researches on volcanic phenomena, especially on the gaseous emanations. He investigated also the variations of temperature in the atmosphere and ocean. In 1857, he is elected member of the French Academy of Sciences in replacement of Armand Dufrénoy. He is promoted Officier de la Légion d'honneur in 1862. He died in Paris.

Publications[edit]

His published works include:

  • Études géologiques sur les îles de Ténériffe et de Fogo (1848)
  • Recherches sur les principaux phénomènes de météorologie et de physique terrestre aux Antilles (1849)
  • Voyage géologique aux Antilles et aux îles de Ténériffe et de fogo (1856–1864)
  • Lettres à Élie de BEAUMONT sur l'éruption du Vésuve
  • Les éruptions actuelles du Volcan de Stromboli (1858)
  • Sur les variations périodiques de la température (1866).

The Promontorium Deville, a lunar headland, was named after him.

Charles Sainte-Claire Deville.jpg

External links[edit]