Charles Julius Hempel

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Charles Julius Hempel (5 September 1811 Solingen, Prussia - 25 September 1879 Grand Rapids, Michigan) was a German-born translator and homeopathic physician who worked in the United States.

Biography[edit]

HEMPEL, CHARLES J., M. D., of Grand Rapids, Mich., was born in Solingen, Prussia, September 5, 1811. On the completion of his collegiate education, he availed himself of the privilege accorded to young men who had passed a successful examination, of postponing his entrance upon the military service of Prussia until the close of his twenty-third year, and visited Paris to attend the lectures of the distinguished men who then filled the chairs in the University and College de France. He financed his schooling by translating.[1] At the Université de France, he assisted Jules Michelet, who succeeded François Guizot as professor of history, in the publication of his Histoire de la France (“History of France”).

He came to the United States in 1835, and for ten years resided in the family of Piero Maroncelli, the intimate friend of the revolutionist Silvio Pellico. There he imbibed an ardent love for music and Italian literature and got to know the Carbonari refugees in America. Other significant influences were the social theorist Albert Brisbane and the theologian George Bush.[1]

While attending medical lectures at the University of New York, where he graduated in 1845, he became associated with several eminent homeopathic practitioners, and soon after his graduation he began to translate some of the more important works relating to homeopathy. In 1855 he married Mary (Coggeshall) Calder, daughter of George Coggeshall of Grand Rapids, Michigan.[2]

He was appointed professor of materia medica and therapeutics in the Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia in 1857. He had an approach to homeopathy distinct from the Hahnemann school. His translations could be a source of controversy in the homeopathic community, in particular Constantine Hering and Adolph Lippe raised objections due to errors in Hempel's early translations and unauthorized additions from his own experience.[1]

When the Hahnemann Medical College was reorganized in 1860, Hempel and some others left. During his stay in Philadelphia, he also published his book, Materia Medica and Therapeutics.[3] On the death of his father-in-law in 1861,[2] he went to Grand Rapids to settle up the estate. He decided to make the change of location permanent and soon had a large homeopathic practice in that city.[3]

His health failing, he traveled to Italy and Germany in 1872,[3] but the change was not beneficial, and he returned to Grand Rapids, where he died. Hempel was one of the earliest honorary members of the British Homeopathic Society, and was the recipient of diplomas and certificates of membership from many medical colleges and associations. His translations and original works permit him to be called the father of English homeopathic literature.[3]

Books[edit]

Additional books from the extended shelves:

  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: A grammar of the German language, (New-York, Printed by G. A. Newman, 1842) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: The homo͡eopathic domestic physician. (New York, Radde, 1850) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: Homoeopathy, a principle in nature. : Its scientific universality unfolded; its development and philosophy explained; and its applicability to the treatment of diseases / shown by Charles J. Hempel, M.D. (New York : Radde, [1860]) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: Homöopathischer Wegweiser, mit einer einleitenden Erklärung des homöopathischen Heilprincips, und einer ausführlichen Beschreibung der Arzneimittel, die in allen gewöhnlichen Krankheiten der Männer, Frauen und Kinder zu gebrauchen, und einer genauen Angabe der Gaben, die in jedem vorkommenden Falle nöthig sind. Von Dr. C. J. Hempel. (New-York: herausgegeben von W. Rabbe; Leipzig: Friedrich Köhler, Philadelphia: Rabemacher und Sheek, St. Louis, J. K. Wesselhoeft., 1853) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: A lecture on homoeopathy delivered before the Legislature of Michigan by Chas. J. Hempel. (Detroit, Michigan : American Homeopathic Observer, 1867) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: A letter to Professor A. B. Palmer, A. M., M. D., of the University of Michigan : being a reply to his Four lectures on homoeopathy. (Detroit : American Homoeopathic Observer, 1869) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: Manual of homoeopathic theory and practice : with an elementary treatise on the homoeopathic treatment of surgical diseases : designed for students and practitioners of medicine and as a guide for families and an intelligent public / by Charles J. Hempel and Jacob Beakley. (Philadelphia : William Radde, 1858) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: Materia medica and therapeutics : arranged upon a physiological and pathological basis / by Charles J. Hempel ... (Chicago : W. A. Chatterton, 1880) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: A new and comprehensive system of materia medica and therapeutics : arranged upon a physiologico-pathological basis, for the use of practitioners and students of medicine / by Charles J. Hempel, M.D. (Philadelphia : Radde, 1859) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: New homœopathic pharmacopœia & posology, or, The mode of preparing homoeopathic medicines, and the administration of doses / compiled and translated from the German works of Buchner and Gruner, and the French work of Jahr; with original contributions by Charles J. Hempel. (New York : William Radde, 1850) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: New homœopathic pharmacopœia and posology. (London, J. Leath, 1850) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: Nouvelle homoeopathie domestique, avec une explication introductoire du principe homoeopathique et une description détaillée des rémèdes dont on a besoin dans toutes les maladies ordinaires des hommes, femmes et enfants, et une indication particulière des doses réquises dans chaque cas de maladie. Par Charles J. Hempel. (New York, Publié par W. Radde, 1854) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: On ecclecticism in medicine: or, A critical review of the leading medical doctrines. An inaugural thesis, presented at the New-York University on the first of March, 1845, by Charles Julius Hempel, M.D. (New York, W. Radde, 1845) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: Organon of specific homoeopathy; or, An inductive exposition of the principles of the homoeopathic healing art, addressed to physicians and intelligent laymen. By Charles J. Hempel. (Philadelphia: Rademacher & Sheek, New York: William Radde, St. Louis: J. G. Wesselhoeft, 1854) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: The science of homoeopathy: ... (New York, Philadelphia, Boericke & Tafel [etc., etc.], 1874) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: The science of homoeopathy, or, A critical and synthetical exposition of the doctrines of the homoeopathic school / by Charles J. Hempel. (Philadelphia : Boericke & Tafel, 1894, c1873) (page images at HathiTrust)
  • Hempel, Charles J. (Charles Julius), 1811-1879: The true organization of the new church, as indicated in the writings of Emanuel Swedenborg : and demonstrated by Charles Fourier. (New York : W. Radde, 1848) (page images at HathiTrust)

He also published numerous translations, including:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Christopher D. Ellithorp (1999). "Hempel, Charles Julius". American National Biography. New York: Oxford University Press. 
  2. ^ a b Clarence Bartlett (1932). "Hempel, Charles Julius". Dictionary of American Biography. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. 
  3. ^ a b c d Thomas Lindsley Bradford (1898). History of the Homoeopathic medical college of Pennsylvania. pp. 337–8. 

References[edit]