Charles Lloyd (jazz musician)
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2010)|
Photo by D. Darr
March 15, 1938 |
Memphis, Tennessee, United States
|Instruments||Tenor saxophone, flute, taragot, other woodwinds|
Charles Lloyd (born March 15, 1938) is an American jazz musician. Though he primarily plays tenor saxophone and flute, he has occasionally recorded on alto saxophone and more exotic reed instruments, which include the Hungarian tárogató. Lloyd's working band since 2007 features pianist Jason Moran, bassist Reuben Rogers, and drummer Eric Harland.
Charles Lloyd was born in Memphis, Tennessee, on March 15, 1938. Like New Orleans, 400 miles to the south on the Mississippi, Memphis has a rich river culture and musical heritage saturated in blues, gospel and jazz. Lloyd's ancestry of African, Cherokee, Mongolian, and Irish reflects a similar rich culture. He was given his first saxophone at the age of 9, and was riveted to 1940's radio broadcasts by Charlie Parker, Coleman Hawkins, Lester Young, Billie Holiday and Duke Ellington. His early teachers included pianist Phineas Newborn, Jr. and saxophonist Irvin Reason. His closest childhood friend was the great trumpeter Booker Little. As a teenager Lloyd played jazz with saxophonist George Coleman and was a sideman for blues greats Johnny Ace, Bobby Bland, Howlin' Wolf and B.B. King.
Classical music also exerted a strong pull on the young Lloyd. In 1956 he left Memphis for Los Angeles to earn a degree in music at USC where he studied with Halsey Stevens, a foremost Bartók authority. While his days were spent in academia, Lloyd spent nights getting educated on the job in L.A.'s jazz clubs, playing with Ornette Coleman, Billy Higgins, Scott LaFaro, Don Cherry, [[Charlie Haden], Eric Dolphy, Bobby Hutcherson and other leading west coast jazz artists. He also was a member of the Gerald Wilson big band.
In 1967 Lloyd was voted "Jazz Artist of the Year" by Down Beat magazine, and the Quartet was invited to tour the world. The Lloyd quartet found a warm reception in Europe at the new jazz festivals in Montreux, Antibes, Molde. Its performances in the Far East, the Soviet Union and the Eastern Bloc nations of Europe often marked the first time these audiences had heard an American jazz group live.
Credited by many musicians with anticipating the World Music movement by incorporating cadences of many cultures in his compositions as early as the late 1950s, Lloyd describes his music as having always "danced on many shores". As Peter Watrous noted, "Lloyd has come up with a strange and beautiful distillation of the American experience, part abandoned and wild, part immensely controlled and sophisticated."
Despite recording several albums during the 1970s and occasionally appearing as a sideman, he practically disappeared from the jazz scene. During the 1970s Lloyd played extensively with The Beach Boys both on their studio recordings and as a member of their touring band. In the late 1970s Lloyd was a member of Celebration, a band composed of members of The Beach Boys' touring band as well as Mike Love and Al Jardine. Celebration released two albums.
From 1989, Lloyd toured actively and recorded for the ECM label. Although his playing had not changed much stylistically since his work in the 1960s, these recordings showcased his sensitivity as a ballad player. Noteworthy albums include Canto; Voice in the Night; The Water Is Wide featuring Brad Mehldau, John Abercrombie, Larry Grenadier and Billy Higgins; Lift Every Voice (featuring Geri Allen); and the live Rabo de Nube with Jason Moran.
Lloyd has shown great consistency and creativity in his period with ECM, much of his music containing a strong spiritual element, some of it heavily in a "world music" vein, and some of it unusual and experimental, as in the duets on Which Way is East? with his longtime friend and musical soulmate, Billy Higgins.
Allmusic noted that Lloyd's 2013 newest offering, Hagar's Song, a duo recording with Jason Moran finds the musicians "at their most naturally curious and deeply attentive best, offering a conversation so intimate the listener may occasionally feel she is eavesdropping." 
Charles Lloyd maintains an active performance and recording schedule with the New Quartet, Sangam, Maria Farantouri and special projects around the world. He celebrated his 75th birthday in 2013 with concerts in the Temple of Dendur at the Metropolitan Museum and the Kennedy Center Concert Hall.
On April 26, 2013 Charles Lloyd was given an Award of Merit from the city of Tallinn, Estonia for his pioneering contributions to bringing jazz to Estonia from 1976 to the present.
Charles Lloyd is the recipient of the 2013 Miles Davis Award from the Festival International de Jazz de Montreal.
Lloyd lives in Southern California with his wife, Dorothy Darr.
|With Chico Hamilton|
|1960||Bye Bye Birdie - Irma La Douce||Columbia|
|1960||The Chico Hamilton Special||Columbia|
|1963||A Different Journey||Reprise|
|1963||Man from Two Worlds||Impulse!|
|1965||Chic Chic Chico||Impulse!||Appears on only one track|
|With Les McCann|
|1961||Les McCann Sings||Pacific Jazz||Appears on four tracks|
|With Cannonball Adderley|
|1964||Cannonball Adderley Live!||Capitol|
|1964||Cannonball Adderley's Fiddler on the Roof||Capitol|
|With The Beach Boys|
|1971||Surf's Up||Caribou/Stateside||Appears on only one track|
|1976||15 Big Ones||Brother||Appears on only one track|
|With Canned Heat|
|1971||Historical Figures and Ancient Heads||United Artists||Appears on two tracks|
|With The Doors|
|1972||Full Circle||Elektra||Appears on "Verdilac" and "The Piano Bird"|
|With Harvey Mandel|
|1972||The Snake||Janus||Appears on only one track|
|With Gábor Szabó|
|1973||Gabor Szabo Live||Blue Thumb||Appears on only one track|
|With Roger McGuinn|
|1973||Roger McGuinn||Columbia||Appears on two tracks|
|With William Truckaway|
|1978||Almost Summer: Music from the Original Motion Picture||MCA|
|With Joe Sample|
|1995||Old Places, Old Faces||Warner Bros||Appears on three tracks|
|With Mark Isham|
|1998||Afterglow: Music from the Motion Picture||Columbia|
- DownBeat Readers (1967-12-31). "1967 Downbeat Readers Poll". DownBeat Magazine.
- Lloyd, Charles. "Biography". http://www.charleslloyd.com/. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
- Watrous, Peter (June 22, 1992). "Review/Jazz Festival; Tribute to Coltrane from Charles Lloyd". New York Times.
- Richardson, Derk (1 April 2004). "A Jazz Love Affair / Charles Lloyd pays homage to Billy Higgins at the SF Jazz Fest Spring Season". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Elwood, Philip (22 March 2001). "Loving Tribute for Higgins / Emotional riffs by Sanders, Lloyd". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Elwood, Philip (28 Oct 1997). "Jazz Fest's Drum Summit". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
- Jurek, Thom (2013-02-26). "Hagar's Song - Charles Lloyd : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-03-02.
- Woodard, Josef (June 2008). "Charles Lloyd". JazzTimes. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- Official Website
- Jazz.com Biography
- Interview with Charles Lloyd
- Charles Lloyd on ECM Records
- Fotos Charles Lloyd Trio - Jazzit Salzburg April 2007
- Jazz Times interview
- [chriscomerradio.com/charles_lloyd/charles_lloyd11-14-2000.htm Radio Interview Charles Lloyd 2000]