Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Canterbury
GCB PC
Charles Manners Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury by Henry William Pickersgill.jpg
Portrait of Lord Canterbury by Henry William Pickersgill, 1833.
Speaker of the House of Commons
In office
1817–1835
Monarch George III
George IV
William IV
Preceded by Charles Abbot
Succeeded by Hon. James Abercromby
Personal details
Born 9 January 1780 (1780-01-09)
Screveton, Nottinghamshire
Died 21 July 1845(1845-07-21) (aged 65)
Southwick Crescent, Paddington, London
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Lucy Denison (d. 1815)
(2) Ellen Power (d. 1845)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury GCB, PC (9 January 1780 – 21 July 1845) was a British Tory politician who served as Speaker of the House of Commons from 1817 to 1835.[1]

Background and education[edit]

A member of the Manners family headed by the Duke of Rutland, Manners-Sutton was born at Screveton, Nottinghamshire, the son of the Most Reverend Charles Manners-Sutton, Archbishop of Canterbury, fourth son of Lord George Manners-Sutton, third son of John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland. His mother was Mary, daughter of Thomas Thoroton, of Screveton, Nottinghamshire, while Thomas Manners-Sutton, 1st Baron Manners, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, was his uncle. He was educated at Eton[2] and Trinity College, Cambridge,[2][3] and was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1805.[2]

Political career[edit]

In 1806 Manners-Sutton was elected Tory Member of Parliament for Scarborough, a seat he would hold until 1832,[2][4] and then sat for Cambridge University from 1832 to 1835.[2][5] He served as Judge Advocate General under Spencer Perceval and Lord Liverpool from 1809 to 1817[2] and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1809.[2][6]

In 1817 Manners-Sutton was elected Speaker of the House of Commons, a post he would hold for the next eighteen years.[2] During the political crisis surrounding the Reform Act of 1832 he allowed his name to be put forward as a possible candidate for Prime Minister in an anti-Reform ministry. As a result the victorious Whigs voted him out of the Speakership in 1835. In 1835 Manners-Sutton was appointed High Commissioner for Canada, but did not take up the post.[citation needed] He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1833[7] and in 1835 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Bottesford, of Bottesford in the County of Leicester, and Viscount Canterbury, of the City of Canterbury.[8]

Family[edit]

Lord Canterbury was twice married. He married as his first wife Lucy Maria Charlotte, daughter of John Denison, in 1811. After her early death at Ossington, Nottinghamshire, in December 1815, he married as his second wife Ellen, daughter of Edmund Power and widow of John Home Purves, in 1828. There were children from both marriages. Lord Canterbury died at Southwick Crescent, Paddington, London, in July 1845, aged 65, from apoplexy, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles. His second wife only survived him by a few months and died at Clifton, Gloucestershire, in November 1845.[2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edmund Phipps
Lord Robert Manners
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
1806–1832
With: Edmund Phipps 1806–1818, 1820–1832
Viscount Normanby 1818–1820
Succeeded by
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Sir George Cayley, Bt
Preceded by
Henry Goulburn
William Yates Peel
Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
1832–1835
With: Henry Goulburn
Succeeded by
Henry Goulburn
Charles Evan Law
Legal offices
Preceded by
Hon. Richard Ryder
Judge Advocate General
1809–1817
Succeeded by
John Beckett
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Abbot
Speaker of the House of Commons
1817–1835
Succeeded by
Hon. James Abercromby
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Viscount Canterbury
1835–1845
Succeeded by
Charles John Manners-Sutton