Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury
|The Right Honourable
The Viscount Canterbury
|Portrait of Lord Canterbury by Henry William Pickersgill, 1833.|
|Speaker of the House of Commons|
|Preceded by||Charles Abbot|
|Succeeded by||Hon. James Abercromby|
|Born||9 January 1780
|Died||21 July 1845
Southwick Crescent, Paddington, London
|Spouse(s)||(1) Lucy Denison (d. 1815)
(2) Ellen Power (d. 1845)
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Background and education
A member of the Manners family headed by the Duke of Rutland, Manners-Sutton was born at Screveton, Nottinghamshire, the son of the Most Reverend Charles Manners-Sutton, Archbishop of Canterbury, fourth son of Lord George Manners-Sutton, third son of John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland. His mother was Mary, daughter of Thomas Thoroton, of Screveton, Nottinghamshire, while Thomas Manners-Sutton, 1st Baron Manners, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, was his uncle. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, and was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1805.
In 1806 Manners-Sutton was elected Tory Member of Parliament for Scarborough, a seat he would hold until 1832, and then sat for Cambridge University from 1832 to 1835. He served as Judge Advocate General under Spencer Perceval and Lord Liverpool from 1809 to 1817 and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1809.
In 1817 Manners-Sutton was elected Speaker of the House of Commons, a post he would hold for the next eighteen years. During the political crisis surrounding the Reform Act of 1832 he allowed his name to be put forward as a possible candidate for Prime Minister in an anti-Reform ministry. As a result the victorious Whigs voted him out of the Speakership in 1835. In 1835 Manners-Sutton was appointed High Commissioner for Canada, but did not take up the post. He was appointed a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath in 1833 and in 1835 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Bottesford, of Bottesford in the County of Leicester, and Viscount Canterbury, of the City of Canterbury.
Lord Canterbury was twice married. He married as his first wife Lucy Maria Charlotte, daughter of John Denison, in 1811. After her early death at Ossington, Nottinghamshire, in December 1815, he married as his second wife Ellen, daughter of Edmund Power and widow of John Home Purves, in 1828. There were children from both marriages. Lord Canterbury died at Southwick Crescent, Paddington, London, in July 1845, aged 65, from apoplexy, and was succeeded by his eldest son, Charles. His second wife only survived him by a few months and died at Clifton, Gloucestershire, in November 1845.
- The Times, 20 February 1835, Page 1
- thepeerage.com Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury
- Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Manners-Sutton, Charles". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Salisbury to Shaftesbury
- leighrayment.com House of Commons: Caernarfon to Cambridgeshire South West
- leighrayment.com Privy Counsellors: 1679-1835
- The London Gazette: . 6 September 1833.
- The London Gazette: . 3 March 1835.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Manners-Sutton
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Lord Robert Manners
|Member of Parliament for Scarborough
With: Edmund Phipps 1806–1818, 1820–1832
Viscount Normanby 1818–1820
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
Sir George Cayley, Bt
William Yates Peel
|Member of Parliament for Cambridge University
With: Henry Goulburn
Charles Evan Law
Hon. Richard Ryder
|Judge Advocate General
|Speaker of the House of Commons
Hon. James Abercromby
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Viscount Canterbury
Charles John Manners-Sutton