Charles McGrath

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charles McGrath
Charles McGrath.jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Ballaarat
In office
31 May 1913 – 13 December 1919
Preceded by Alfred Deakin
Succeeded by Edwin Kerby
In office
10 July 1920 – 31 July 1934
Preceded by Edwin Kerby
Succeeded by Archibald Fisken
Personal details
Born (1872-11-10)10 November 1872
Newtown, Victoria
Died 31 July 1934(1934-07-31) (aged 61)
Nationality Australian
Political party Labor (1913–31)
UAP (1931–34)
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Johnstone Gullan
Occupation Storekeeper

David Charles McGrath (10 November 1872 – 31 July 1934) was an Australian politician. Originally a member of the Australian Labor Party, he joined Joseph Lyons in the split that led to the formation of the United Australia Party.

Early life[edit]

McGrath was born at Newtown, Victoria to David McGrath, an Irish-born miner, and Evelyn, née Horsefield, an Englishwoman. He attended Newtown State and Creswick Grammar schools before working at the family store at Allendale. He was a member of the South Ballarat football team during the 1890s. He married Elizabeth Johnstone Gullan in Ballarat on 24 May 1898; the couple moved to Pitfield Plains in 1900 to expand the family business.

State politics[edit]

In 1904, McGrath was elected to the Victorian Legislative Assembly for Labor, representing the seat of Grenville. He became known as a spokesman for the mining industry, and earned the nickname "Bull" for his promotion of Labor in country areas; with Frank Anstey, he travelled extensively in the Gippsland area in November 1904.

Federal politics[edit]

In May 1913, McGrath transferred to the federal House of Representatives, representing the seat of Ballaarat. A vocal advocate for improved conditions for soldiers, McGrath enlisted in the armed forces in March 1916, travelling overseas as part of the Australian Imperial Force. Until his 1918 dischargement as medically unfit, he was promoted to warrant officer.

McGrath lost the 1919 election by a single vote to Nationalist challenger Edwin Kerby. However, McGrath alleged irregularities in the count. As a result, the election was declared void and a by-election was held in July 1920, in which McGrath was elected. He continued to support soldiers' issues, notably repatriation benefits, and criticised the method of bestowing Imperial honours.

McGrath held a number of positions (including Deputy Speaker) in the Scullin Government, but in the wake of the Great Depression became drawn to Sir Otto Niemeyer's solution to the nation's financial situation. As a result, in 1931 he was one of the Labor members who joined Joseph Lyons in leaving the Labor Party and merging with the Nationalists to form the United Australia Party. He continued as a UAP member until his death from ill health in 1934. He was buried in Ballarat, and was survived by his wife, two daughters and two sons.

References[edit]

Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Alfred Deakin
Member for Ballarat
1913-1919
Succeeded by
Edwin Kerby
Preceded by
Edwin Kerby
Member for Ballarat
1920-1934
Succeeded by
Archibald Fisken