The station was opened on 13 July 1913 as part of the original section of line 8 between Beaugrenelle (now Charles Michels) and Opéra. On 29 July 1937, line 10 was extended from Duroc to La Motte-Picquet - Grenelle and the section of line 8 between La Motte-Picquet - Grenelle and Porte d'Auteuil, including Beaugrenelle was transferred to line 10.
The station was named Beaugrenelle station, after Beaugrenelle Place, the former name of Place Charles Michels. "Beaugrenelle" (beautiful Grenelle) was a name given by property developers in the district of Grenelle during its urbanisation. In 1945, it was renamed after Charles Michels (1903–1941), who was elected as a CommunistDéputé of the 15th arrondissement of Paris, who was shot by the Nazis as a hostage.