Charles Morris (naval officer)
Commodore Charles Morris
by Southworth & Hawes, circa 1850
July 26, 1784|
|Died||January 27, 1856
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1799 - 1847|
|Commands held||USS Adams|
the First Barbary War and the Second Barbary War
War of 1812
• Constitution vs Guerriere
• Battle of Hampden
Morris was born in Woodstock, Maine on 26 July 1784, and after being appointed a Midshipman in July 1799 served in the Quasi-War with France, First Barbary War and Second Barbary Wars and the War of 1812. He was promoted to Captain in March 1813. He served as a Navy Commissioner from 1823 to 1827, and as the Chief of the Bureau of Construction, Equipment, and Repairs from 1844 to 1847.
In 1812 Morris was executive officer on the USS Constitution under the command of Isaac Hull during her battle with the HMS Guerriere, in which action Morris was severely wounded. He was promoted to captain on March 3, 1813. In 1814 he commanded the USS Adams in raiding expeditions against British commerce. Cornered in the Penobscot River in Maine by a British squadron under Captain Robert Barrie, Morris and his men went ashore with their cannons and, assisted by local militia attempted to hold off the British amphibious force in the Battle of Hampden. The British regulars routed the Americans, however, and Morris and his crew had to scuttle the ship and escape overland to Portland, Maine.
In his later career he commanded the Mediterranean Squadron and served as the chief of the Bureau of Ordnance.
Charles Morris Court, a street inside the Washington Navy Yard in Washington DC, is named after him.
- Ecker, Grace Dunlop (1933). A Portrait of Old George Town. Garrett & Massie, Inc. pp. 126–139.
- Autobiography of Commodore Charles Morris, USN, Charles Morris, Naval Institute Press, ISBN 1-55750-479-2