Charles Henry Niehaus

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Charles Henry Niehaus in 1896.

Charles Henry Niehaus (January 24, 1855 – June 19, 1935), was an American sculptor.

Education[edit]

Niehaus was born in Cincinnati, Ohio to German parents.[1] He began working as a marble and wood carver, and then gained entrance to the McMicken School of Design in Cincinnati. He studied at the Royal Academy in Munich, Germany (1877–81). The effect of the German study was that he retained much of the Neo-Classical flavor in his art while most other sculptors of his generation were drawn towards Beaux-Arts realism.

Career[edit]

He returned to America in 1881. By virtue of being a native Ohioan, he was commissioned to sculpt two statues of the recently assassinated President Garfield; one for Cincinnati (Garfield's home city), and the other, in another pose, for the National Statuary Hall Collection at the United States Capitol. He moved to Rome, Italy, where he worked on the commissions, and made a study of ancient sculpture. He modeled three major male nudes during his years in Rome, including The Scraper (1883) and Caestus (1883-85). He returned to New York City in 1885, and opened a studio.[2]

In 1887, he created a statue of Ohioan William Allen, also for Statuary Hall. In later years, he was to place statues of Oliver P. Morton of Indiana (1900), John J. Ingalls of Kansas (1905), Zachariah Chandler of Michigan (1913), George W. Glick of Kansas (1914), Ephraim McDowell of Kentucky (1929), and Henry Clay of Kentucky (1929) in the collection.

Monuments by Niehaus can be found in many American cities. Several of the works authored by him are equestrian statues. As was the case with other sculptors of his day he also fashioned a fair amount of architectural sculpture.

In 1900 Niehaus married noted horticulturalist Regina Armstrong and moved to New Rochelle, New York, where they lived until his death in 1935.[3]

Selected works[edit]

The Driller (1901), Edwin Drake Memorial, Titusville, Pennsylvania.
Apotheosis of St. Louis (1906), Forest Park, St. Louis, Missouri.

United States Capitol[edit]

Niehaus had eight statues in the National Statuary Hall Collection at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., a record for a sculptor. However, in 2003, Kansas replaced his George W. Glick statue with one of Dwight D. Eisenhower, and in 2011, Michigan replaced his Zachariah Chandler statue with one of Gerald R. Ford. His remaining six statues are still more than any other sculptor has in the Hall.[16]

There are also two busts by Niehaus in other collections:

Architectural sculpture[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Clark, S. J. (1912). Cincinnati, the Queen City, 1788-1912, Volume 2. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 19. Retrieved 2013-05-20. 
  2. ^ 1911 Encyclopedia Britanica.
  3. ^ Regina Armstrong (NY Times & Standard Star articles provided)
  4. ^ The Scraper from SIRIS.
  5. ^ Caestus from Metropolitan Museum of Art.
  6. ^ Moses from Library of Congress.
  7. ^ Edward Gibbon from Library of Congress.
  8. ^ Buffalo Lincoln from Buffalo History Museum.
  9. ^ Farragut Monument from SIRIS.
  10. ^ McKinley Monument from SIRIS.
  11. ^ Beardsley statue from CT Monuments.
  12. ^ Commodore Perry from SIRIS.
  13. ^ Commodore Perry
  14. ^ Key Memorial Approved, NY Times
  15. ^ Hackensack War Monument from SIRIS.
  16. ^ National Statuary Hall Collection from Architect of the Capitol.
  17. ^ Garfield bust from U.S. Senate.
  18. ^ Tompkins bust from U.S. Senate.

References[edit]

  • Bzdak, Meredith Arms, photographs by Douglas Peterson, Public Sculpture in New Jersey: Monuments to Collective identity, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, New Jersey, 1999
  • Connecticut State Capitol Statuary, The League of Women Voters of Connenticut: Education Fund
  • Hardin Campen, Richard N., Outdoor Sculpture in Ohio: A Comprehensive Overview of Outdoor Sculpture in Ohio, Mid-Nineteenth Century to the Present, West Summit Press, Chagrin Falls, Ohio, 1980
  • Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Architectural Sculpture of America, unpublished manuscript
  • Opitz, Glenn B , Editor, Mantle Fielding’s Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Book, Poughkeepsie NY, 1986
  • Proske, Beatrice Gilman, Brookgreen Gardens Sculpture, Brookgreen Gardens, South Carolina, 1968
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Niehaus, Charles Henry". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]