Charles R. Van Hise

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Charles Richard Van Hise, Ph.D.
CharlesRVanHise.jpeg
Charles Richard Van Hise
Born May 29, 1857
Fulton, Wisconsin
Died November 19, 1918
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Fields geology
Institutions University of Wisconsin

Charles Richard Van Hise, Ph.D. (May 29, 1857 – November 19, 1918) was an American geologist, academic and progressive. He served as president of the University of Wisconsin (UW) in Madison, Wisconsin, from 1903 to 1918.

Early life and education[edit]

Charles R. Van Hise was born in 1857 in Fulton, Wisconsin. He was the son of William and Mary, who were farmers. At age 13 he moved with his family to a farm near Evansville, Wisconsin, where he completed his secondary education at the Evansville Seminary.[1] In 1874, he enrolled into the University of Wisconsin in Madison received his bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering in 1879. He was first ever to earn a degree of Ph.D. from the school in 1892, receiving a doctorate in geology. He also received another B.S. in 1880 and a M.S. in 1882. He married Alice Bushnell Ring in 1881. They had three children.[2]

Career[edit]

Early[edit]

Van Hise joined the faculty of the University immediately after graduating, as an instructor in chemistry and metallurgy (1879–1883). He then proceeded through the academic ranks as an assistant professor of metallurgy (1886–1888), professor of mineralogy and petrography (1888–1892), professor of Archaean and applied geology (1890–1892), and professor of geology (after 1892). Within this time period, he taught at the University of Chicago as a nonresident professor of structural geology and metamorphic geology.

Upon joining the college faculty in 1879, Van Hise began collaborating with his former geology professor, Roland Irving, on a study of the Pre-Cambrian rock of northern Wisconsin. In 1882, he and Irving began a geological study of the Lake Superior region under the auspices of the United States Geological Survey, which Van Hise was driven to continue on his own after Irving's death in 1888. Four years later, he completed and presented reports to the USGS in seven volumes which served as Van Hise's doctoral dissertation.[3]

Later[edit]

Professor Van Hise retired form teaching and research and was elected by the Board of Regents to become the president of the University of Wisconsin on April 21, 1903. He succeeded Charles K. Adams, who had died in 1901, and Edward A. Birge, who had served as acting president for the prior two years. Van Hise was helped in his election by the support of Governor Robert La Follette. In 1904, as president of the university, he declared that "the beneficent influence of the university [be] available to every home in the state," later articulated as the "Wisconsin Idea." He was instrumental in the formation of the University of Wisconsin Extension division, which later grew into the University of Wisconsin System. During his tenure, UW's medical college was established, the number of faculty doubled and the university's revenue increased fourfold.

Writing in After Seven Years, which was his 1939 account of his role as an advisor the FDR, Raymond Moley credited Van Hise with the underlying philosophy of the New Deal's National Industrial Recovery Act, stating: "The source of that philosophy, as I've suggested earlier, was Van Hise's Concentration and Control, and it was endlessly discussed, from every angle, during the 'brain trust' days. In several of his campaign speeches F.D.R. had touched upon the idea of substituting, for the futile attempt to control the abuses of anarchic private economic power, by smashing it to bits, a policy of cooperative business-government planning to combat the instability of economic operations and the insecurity of livelihood. The beliefs that economic bigness was here to stay; that the problem of government was to enable the whole people to enjoy the benefits of mass production and distribution (economy and security); and that it was the duty of government to devise, with business, the means of social and individual adjustment to the facts of the industrial age—these were the heart and soul of the New Deal…. And if ever a man seemed to embrace this philosophy wholeheartedly, that man was Franklin Roosevelt." [P. 184]

Van Hise worked as a consulting geologist for the United States Geological Survey from 1909–1918 and published several works for them.[4] He served as the president of the Geological Society of America, the National Association of State Universities, the National Academy of Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 1916, and the International Geological Congress in Stockholm, Sweden. [5]He died from complications arising from minor surgery in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on November 19, 1918.

Awards and honors[edit]

  • Elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1905.
  • On the UW–Madison Campus there is a building named after Van Hise at the intersection of Charter and Linden Streets.
  • There is an elementary school in Madison named after him.

Publications[edit]

  • On secondary enlargements of mineral fragments in certain rocks with Roland Duer Irving. USGS Bulletin No. 8, 1884
  • Correlation Papers . . . Archœan and Algonkian (1892)
  • Principles of North American Pre-Cambrian Geology (1896)
  • Some Principles Controlling the Deposition of Ores (1901)
  • The Iron Ores of the Lake Superior Region (1901)
  • An Attempt to Reduce the Phenomena of Rock Alterations to Order under the Laws of Energy (1903)
  • A Treatise on Metamorphism (1904)
  • The Conservation of Natural Resources in the United States (1910)
  • Concentration and Control (1912; new edition, 1915)

References[edit]

  1. ^ American Scientists. Charles W. Carey, Jr. © 2006. P.378
  2. ^ http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=1641&search_term=van+hise
  3. ^ American Scientists. Charles W. Carey, Jr. © 2006. P.378.
  4. ^ Biographical dictionary of American and Canadian naturalists and ... By Keir Brooks Sterling, pages 793-795
  5. ^ American Scientists. Charles W. Carey, Jr. © 2006. P.378

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Edward Ashael Birge
President of the University of Wisconsin–Madison
1903-1918
Succeeded by
Edward Ashael Birge