Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2010)|
|The Right Honourable
The Earl Spencer
|Born||Charles Edward Maurice Spencer
20 May 1964
|Tenure||29 March 1992–present|
|Known for||Younger brother of Diana, Princess of Wales|
|Predecessor||John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer|
|Spouse(s)||Victoria Lockwood (m. 1989–1997, divorced)
(m. 2001–2007, divorced)
Karen Gordon (m. 2011–present)
|Issue||Lady Kitty Spencer
Lady Eliza Spencer
Lady Amelia Spencer
Louis Spencer, Viscount Althorp
The Hon. Edmund Spencer
Lady Lara Spencer
Lady Charlotte Spencer
|Parents||John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer
The Honourable Frances Shand Kydd
Charles Edward Maurice Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer, DL (born 20 May 1964), styled Viscount Althorp between 1975 and 1992, is a British peer, author, print journalist, and broadcaster. Lord Spencer is the brother of the late Diana, Princess of Wales, the maternal uncle of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Prince Harry, and the great-uncle of Prince George of Cambridge.
Early life and education
Spencer was born in London on 20 May 1964 and named Charles Edward Maurice, with Queen Elizabeth II as his godmother. His parents were then called Viscount and Viscountess Althorp, as his grandfather Albert Spencer, 7th Earl Spencer, was still alive. He had three elder sisters: Sarah; Jane; and Diana, who later became the Princess of Wales. He also had an elder brother, John, who died within hours of his birth.
Spencer worked as an on-air correspondent with NBC News from 1986 to 1995, primarily for the network's signature morning programme, Today, and NBC Nightly News. He wrote and presented the 12-part documentary series, "Great Houses of the World" (1994–1995) for NBC Super Channel. He also worked as a reporter for Granada Television from 1991 to 1993. On the print-media side, Spencer has written several book reviews for The Guardian and The Independent on Sunday as well as feature stories for The Guardian, The Daily Telegraph, The Sunday Telegraph and American publications such as Vanity Fair, Verandah and Nest.
Upon his father's death on 29 March 1992, 27-year-old Spencer succeeded as 9th Earl Spencer, 9th Viscount Althorp, 9th Viscount Spencer of Althorp, 9th Baron Spencer of Althorp, and 4th Viscount Althorp. He also inherited Althorp, the family's ancestral seat in Northamptonshire. Since 2009, he has restored Althorp, re-roofing it and restoring its entire exterior for the first time since the 1780s. He has also helped establish Althorp Living History, a handmade fine-furniture line reproducing pieces from the collection at Althorp. The Spencer family's wealth derived from their profitable sheep farming in the Tudor era.
On 31 August 1997, Diana died after a car crash in Paris and Spencer delivered the eulogy at her funeral service held at Westminster Abbey six days later. In his eulogy he rebuked both Britain's royal family and the press for their treatment of his sister.
Diana was buried on Spencer's ancestral estate, Althorp, where he built a mausoleum and a museum to her memory, displaying her wedding dress and other personal effects. The museum was opened to the public in 1998 with all profits going to Diana's Memorial Fund, also set up by Spencer.
At this stage, Spencer began writing a series of books dealing with the estate itself and with his family history, being:
- Althorp: the Story of an English House (1998) London: Viking.
- The Spencers: a Personal History of an English Family (2000).
- Blenheim, Battle for Europe (2004). Paperback edition by Phoenix, 2005. ISBN 0-304-36704-4. This book was a 'Sunday Times' bestseller, and was shortlisted for "History Book of the Year" at the 2005 National Book Awards.
- Prince Rupert — The Last Cavalier (2007). London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson ISBN 978-0-297-84610-9.
- Killers of the King: The Men Who Dared to Execute Charles I (2014). Bloomsbury ISBN 978-1-408-85170-8. This book was a 'Sunday Times' bestseller.
In 2004, he presented two documentaries for the History Channel on Blenheim: Battle for Europe. He contributed a chapter to British Military Greats, published by Cassell in 2005. He also contributed two of the 100 chapters of The Art of War: Great Commanders of the Modern World, published by Quercus in 2009.
Spencer was appointed a Deputy Lieutenant of Northamptonshire in November 2005; the Spencer family have had a long association with the county, the home of the family seat, Althorp. Spencer is also a patron of the Northamptonshire County Cricket Club.
Spencer has also involved himself in charitable and humanitarian causes. He has been a patron of the Friends of Cynthia Spencer Hospice in Northampton, England since 1989. He was a patron of the Lifeline and Childline charities in Western Cape, South Africa from 1997 to 2000. He has served as a trustee of Nelson Mandela Children's Fund since 1998. He is a patron of Thomas's Fund, which provides music for severely ill children. In July 2011 he became one of the patrons of Northampton Hope Centre, a local homeless charity in Northampton.
On 16 September 1989, Spencer, then known by the courtesy title of Lord Althorp, married (Catherine) Victoria Lockwood (born 1965). The wedding was held at the Church of St Mary, Great Brington, and Darius Guppy was the best man. Two nieces, Emily McCorquodale and The Hon. Eleanor Fellowes, were bridesmaids. Two of his nephews, Prince Harry and The Hon. Alexander Fellowes (son of Lord and Lady Fellowes), were pages. Spencer and Lockwood, who had moved to Cape Town, South Africa, were divorced on 3 December 1997. Diana's death occurred while the divorce case was in progress; shortly after his divorce, Spencer moved back to the United Kingdom. The Earl has four children by Victoria Lockwood, three daughters and one son:
- Lady Kitty Eleanor Spencer, born 28 December 1990
- Lady Eliza Victoria Spencer, born 10 July 1992
- Lady Katya Amelia Spencer, born 10 July 1992
- Louis Frederick John Spencer, Viscount Althorp, born 14 March 1994 and heir-apparent to the earldom.
On 15 December 2001, he married Caroline Freud (born Caroline Hutton). The Earl has two children by Caroline, from whom he separated in 2007 and since divorced:
- The Hon. Edmund Charles Spencer (born 6 October 2003)
- Lady Lara Caroline Spencer (born 16 March 2006)
On 18 June 2011 at Althorp House, Spencer married Karen Gordon (born Karen Villeneuve), a Canadian philanthropist and the founder and chief executive of Whole Child International, a charity based in Los Angeles which works to improve the lot of orphaned, abandoned, or abused children. They have one child together:
- Lady Charlotte Diana Spencer (born 30 July 2012)
Spencer chose to name his fifth daughter after his late sister, Diana, Princess of Wales. Spencer was reported to have said, "We hadn't settled on a first name before the birth, but Charlotte is a name we both love, and it really suits her. We knew that as soon as we saw her. And though it's been 15 years since Diana died, I still miss her every day and I wanted her commemorated in the naming of our daughter."
The Earl resides at his ancestral seat, Althorp House.
Spencer attended the wedding of his nephew and niece-by-marriage, the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge at Westminster Abbey on 29 April 2011. Neither Prince Harry nor the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge attended the Earl's third wedding.
Titles from birth
- The Honourable Charles Edward Maurice Spencer (20 May 1964 – 9 June 1975)
- Viscount Althorp (9 June 1975 – 29 March 1992)
- The Right Honourable The Earl Spencer (29 March 1992–present)
|Ancestors of Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer|
- "Biography for Earl Charles Spencer". IMDb. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Ken Dodd at Althorp's Literary Festival". Althorp. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Speaker Profile". The London Speaker Bureau. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- The Tarnished Crown: Crisis in the House of Windsor, by Anthony Holden, London, Viking Publishers 1993.
- "Almost alone among the great families who rose to affluence in the sixteenth century the Spencers owed their wealth not to the favour of a monarch or to the acquisition of monastery lands but to their own skill as farmers and businessmen."--Georgina Battiscombe in The Spencers of Althorp, 1984
- "Prince William's uncle Earl Spencer set to wed". BBC. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Calvi, Nuala (25 April 2011). "Royal wedding clash of the titles! Spencers vs. Parker Bowles". CNN. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Roya Nikkhah; Ben Leach (18 June 2011). "Earl Spencer marries for a third time". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- Nicholl, Kate (5 August 2012). "Spencer's joy as Althorp sees first birth since 1793". Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 5 August 2012.
- "Princess Diana's Brother Names His Daughter in Her Memory". US Weekly. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 27 May 2013.
- "Earl Spencer names baby daughter after Diana, Princess of Wales". The Telegraph (UK). 6 August 2012.
- Diana: Her True Story, written by Andrew Morton
- Two works by Lady Colin Campbell: Diana in Private and Royal Marriages
- The Peerage
- The obituaries for the 8th Earl Spencer, Diana, Princess of Wales, and Frances Shand Kydd in The Times.
- Complete text and audio and video of Lord Spencer's eulogy for his elder sister Princess Diana AmericanRhetoric.com
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Spencer, 9th Earl Spencer
|Page of Honour
|Peerage of Great Britain|
Louis Spencer, Viscount Althorp
|Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom|
The Rt. Hon. The Earl of Radnor
|United Kingdom Order of Precedence
The Rt. Hon. The Earl Bathurst