|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
|Birth name||Charles Stepney|
|Born||March 26, 1931 Chicago, Illinois,
|Died||May 17, 1976Illinois,
(aged 45) Chicago, |
|Occupation(s)||Record producer, arranger, Conductor|
|Instruments||Vibraphone , piano, keyboards|
|Associated acts||Ramsey Lewis, The Dells Minnie Riperton, Earth, Wind & Fire|
Charles Stepney (March 26, 1931–May 17, 1976) was a producer, arranger, songwriter and musician famous for his Orchestral Psychedelic soul sound with Chicago's Cadet/Chess records in the 1960s/1970s and afterwards with Earth, Wind & Fire.
Charles and Marshall Chess (son of Chess Records co-founder Leonard Chess) in the mid ’60’s created the band Rotary Connection for the new experimental Cadet Concept label and between 1967 and 1971 produced six innovative studio albums for Rotary Connection (receiving a Grammy nomination in 1968):
- Rotary Connection (1967)
- Aladdin (1968)
- Peace (1968)
- Songs (1969)
- Dinner Music (1970)
- Hey Love (1971) (as the New Rotary Connection)
Commenting on Minnie at the time he said that she "has a soprano range of about four octaves, a whole lot of soul, she's good-looking and she's got the experience of Rotary behind her."
During this time Charles wrote, produced and conducted a Classical Jazz Symphony in 5 parts entitled "Cohesion". "Cohesion" was performed in Minneapolis, MN by the Minneapolis Symphony Orchestra, the Ramsey Lewis Trio and Minnie Riperton. It was his first opportunity to conduct live before an audience.
Stepney is also credited as a musician/producer on the following albums:
- The Soulful Strings – Paint It, Black (1966) and Groovin' with the Soulful Strings (1967)
- Muddy Waters – Electric Mud (1968) and After the Rain (1969)
- Howlin' Wolf – The Howlin' Wolf Album (1969)
- Marlena Shaw – The Spice of Life (1969)
- Terry Callier – Occasional Rain (1972), What Color Is Love (1973) and I Just Can't Help Myself (1974)
- Ramsey Lewis – Maiden Voyage (Cadet, 1968), Mother Nature's Son (Cadet, 1968), The Piano Player (Cadet, 1969), Sun Goddess (Columbia, 1974), Don't It Feel Good (Columbia, 1975) and Salongo (Columbia, 1976)
- Phil Upchurch – Upchurch (Cadet, 1969) and The Way I Feel (Cadet, 1970)
- The Dells – There Is (1968), Love is Blue (1969), Like It Is, Like It Was (1971) and Freedom Means (1971)
- The Emotions – Flowers(1976)
- Deniece Williams – This Is Niecy (1976)
Before he died he co-produced with Maurice the platinum selling Earth, Wind & Fire albums Open Our Eyes (1974), That's the Way of the World, Gratitude both released in 1975 and Spirit released in 1976.
The song Spirit was intended to uplift Stepney's spirit, and to show all the gratitude that Earth, Wind & Fire had towards him. Sadly, Stepney never got to hear the song. Maurice White spoke to Stepney on the afternoon of May 17, 1976, but later that day, Earth, Wind & Fire keyboardist Larry Dunn received a phone call informing him that Charles Stepney had died of a heart attack. The song Spirit then became a tribute to Stepney's life.
Stepney is survived by his wife Rubie and his three daughters Eibur, Charlene and Chante.
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With Eddie Harris
With Ramsey Lewis
With Ramsey Lewis
With Eddie Harris
- Plug Me In (Atlantic, 1968) US
With Minnie Ripperton
- Come to My Garden (GRT, 1970)
- "Cook County (IL) Birth Index [database on-line]". Chicago, Illinois: Cook County Clerk's Office. 1931-03-26. Retrieved October 17, 2009.
- Charles Stepney (2009). "Social Security Death Index [database on-line]". United States: The Generations Network. Retrieved October 17, 2009.
- "Charles Stepney Chicago's Most Prolific Man of Music". schillingersociety.com.
- "Charles Stepney". discogs.com.
- Black, Edwin (November 26, 1970). "For The Record: Charles Stepney". Downbeat Magazine. Archived from the original on February 25, 2005. Retrieved May 8, 209. Check date values in:
- "Charles Stepney legendary composer/arranger/producer who was behind some of the most spiritual albums to come out of the chicago/cadet school...". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on March 24, 2005.
- "Charles Stepney – Biography". allmusic.com. Retrieved May 8, 2009.
- A Biography of Charles Stepney at the Wayback Machine (archived July 24, 2008)
- Charles Stepney at AllMusic