Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (1660–1661)

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Charles Stuart
Duke of Cambridge
House House of Stuart
Father James, Duke of York
Mother Anne Hyde
Born (1660-10-22)22 October 1660
Worcester House, London
Died 5 May 1661(1661-05-05) (aged 6 months)
Whitehall Palace, London
Burial Westminster Abbey

Charles Stuart (22 October 1660 – 5 May 1661) was the first of four sons and eight children born from the marriage between James, Duke of York (later James II of England & VII of Scotland) and his first wife, Anne Hyde. He was styled Duke of Cambridge, but never formally created so, due to the fact that he died so young.

He was conceived seven months before his parents' official marriage and if royal advisors and Henrietta Maria of France (the mother of James) had their way, he could have been declared illegitimate, as his mother, Anne, was not of royal blood.[1]

However, Charles II of England, James' brother, approved of the marriage and the wedding between James and Anne was held on 3 September 1660 in London. Charles was born on 22 October and was baptised on 1 January 1661 at Worcester House.[2] However, he died before reaching the age of one, after becoming ill with smallpox.[2] He was buried in Westminster Abbey, on 6 May 1661.[2] He died before the patent for this title was passed and his younger brother, James was formally created Duke of Cambridge. After James' death in 1667, at the age of three, another younger brother, Edgar was styled as such, but he, too, died at the age of three and all titles became extinct until the birth of the another son, also named Charles, in 1677.

Arms[edit]

During his short life, Charles bore a coat of arms, as a grandson of a British Sovereign, consisting those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of five points ermine.[3]

Ancestors[edit]

Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (1660–1661)
Cadet branch of the Clan Stewart
Born: 22 October 1660 Died: 5 May 1661
Peerage of England
New title Duke of Cambridge
22 October 1660 – 5 May 1661
Vacant
Title next held by
James Stuart

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panton 2011, p. 455.
  2. ^ a b c Darryl Lundy (20 January 2011). "Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge". thePeerage.com. Retrieved 27 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "Marks of Cadency in the British Royal family". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]