Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (1677)

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Charles
Duke of Cambridge
House House of Stuart
Father James, Duke of York
Mother Mary of Modena
Born (1677-11-07)7 November 1677
St James's Palace, London
Died 12 December 1677(1677-12-12) (aged 35 days)
St James's Palace, London
Burial Westminster Abbey

Charles Stuart (7 November 1677 – 12 December 1677) was the first of two sons and third of seven children born from the marriage between James, Duke of York (later James II of England & VII of Scotland) and Mary of Modena. He was styled Duke of Cambridge, but never formally created so, due to the fact that he died so young.

At the time of his birth at St James's Palace, Charles was the second surviving child of James and Mary, a sister, Catherine Laura, having died the previous year. Another sister, Isabella, one year older than Charles, died at the age of four in 1681. At the time of Charles' birth, his uncle, Charles II of England, had no legitimate children and his queen consort, Catherine of Braganza, was reaching the age of 40 and it was clear enough that she would have no children and that the Duke of York would succeed as King.[1]

Because all of James' sons with his first wife, Anne Hyde, were dead, the newborn Charles would then succeed to the throne, which was a possibility that caused much concern in England and Scotland because both James and Mary were Catholics and the majority of people wanted a Protestant monarch.[1] Like so many of his brothers and sisters, the infant Duke lived for a little more than a month, dying on 12 December the same year he was born, but his parents' beliefs cost them their crowns.[1] Charles was buried in Westminster Abbey, on 13 December 1677.[1] His younger brother was James Francis Edward Stuart, The Old Pretender.

Arms[edit]

During his short life, Charles bore a coat of arms, as a grandson of a British Sovereign, consisting those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of five points ermine.[2]

Ancestors[edit]

Charles Stuart, Duke of Cambridge (1677)
Cadet branch of the Clan Stuart
Born: 7 November 1677 Died: 12 December 1677
Peerage of England
Vacant
Title last held by
Edgar Stuart
Duke of Cambridge
7 November – 12 December 1677
Vacant
Title next held by
George of Hanover

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Panton 2011, p. 455.
  2. ^ "Marks of Cadency in the British Royal family". Retrieved 27 December 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]