Charles Taylor (rugby player)
|Full name||Charles Gerald Taylor|
|Date of birth||8 May 1863|
|Place of birth||Ruabon, Wales|
|Date of death||24 January 1915(aged 51)|
|Place of death||Dogger Bank, North Sea|
|School||Royal Naval College, Portsmouth
Royal Naval College, Greenwich
|Rugby union career|
|Years||Club / team|
London Welsh RFC
|Years||Club / team||Caps||(points)|
Engineer Captain Charles Gerald Taylor LVO (8 May 1863 – 24 January 1915) was a Royal Navy officer and Wales international rugby union player who played club rugby for Blackheath. He was the first Welsh international to be killed in action during World War I. Taylor was an all-round athlete, and at one time was the Welsh pole vault champion.
Born in Ruabon, Wales on 8 May 1863, Taylor joined the Royal Navy on 1 July 1885, when he was rated an acting assistant engineer. Following his initial training he was confirmed in the rank on 1 July 1886. He was promoted to engineer on 1 September 1890, and chief engineer on 30 December 1900. He became an engineer lieutenant on 26 March 1903, and on 30 December 1904 was promoted to engineer commander. On 3 February 1911 King George V appointed him a Member of the Fourth Class of the Royal Victorian Order On 7 February 1912 he was promoted to engineer captain.
Much of Taylor's career was spent at training or other shore establishments. However, shortly after the outbreak of World War I he was posted to the battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary, on 16 September 1914. On 20 November he was transferred to HMS Tiger. On 24 January 1915, Tiger was one of the vessels engaged in the Battle of Dogger Bank. HMS Tiger was struck by fire from the German cruiser SMS Blücher, and Taylor died during the engagement. Taylor was not buried at sea, and his body was returned to Britain to be buried at Tavistock New Cemetery in Devon.
Taylor made his debut for Wales against England in 1884 under the captaincy of Charlie Newman in the Home Nations Championship. Wales lost the game but Taylor would play in the remaining two games of the campaign against Scotland and Ireland. In 1884 Taylor was reselected for Wales, in a team that would host several past and future captains, including Arthur Gould, Tom Clapp, Frank Hancock and Newman. In the 1885 Championship Taylor made his first international score when he converted William Stadden's try, though as no points were given to conversions at the time he is recorded with no career score.
In 1885, Taylor was spending much of his time in London, and when a group of Welshmen came together to form a club for London 'exiles', Taylor was among them. The club formed in June 1885, and Taylor became a committee member at the first meeting and then on 21 October became a member of the very first London Welsh team. London Welsh would become a prominent club providing many Welsh internationals, the very first team containing six internationals; Taylor, Arthur Gould, Martyn Jordan, Thomas Judson, T. Williams and Rowley Thomas.
In 1886, Taylor was part of Frank Hancock's team that experimented with the four threequarter system for the first time in an international match. It was an unsuccessful experiment and was abandoned during the match. Taylor's final game for Wales was in 1887 against Ireland in a win at Birkenhead.
International games played
- Griffiths, Terry (1987). The Phoenix Book of International Rugby Records. London: Phoenix House. ISBN 0-460-07003-7.
- Jenkins, John M. et al. (1991). Who's Who of Welsh International Rugby Players. Wrexham: Bridge Books. ISBN 1-872424-10-4.
- Smith, David; Williams, Gareth (1980). Fields of Praise: The Official History of The Welsh Rugby Union. Cardiff: University of Wales Press. ISBN 0-7083-0766-3.
- WRU player profile
- Rugby Heroes who went to War BBC Online Matthew Ferris, November 2008
- Veterans remembered with stadium charity collection Welsh Rugby Union site 10 July 2008
- Jenkins (1991), pg 151.
- RN Officer's Service Records—Taylor, Charles Gerald, DocumentsOnline, The National Archives (fee may be required to view pdf of full original record). Retrieved on 10 November 2008.
- The London Gazette: . 2 September 1890. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
- The London Gazette: . 22 January 1901. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
- The London Gazette: . 3 January 1905. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
- Due to subsequent changes to the structure of the order, Members of the Fourth Class are now known as Lieutenants of the Royal Victorian Order.
- The London Gazette: . 10 February 1911. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
- The London Gazette: . 9 February 1912. Retrieved 10 November 2008.
- Casualty details—Taylor C G, Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved on 10 November 2008.
- Jones (1985), pg 3.
- Jones (1985), pg 6.
- Smith (1980), pg 472.
- Career Statistics at ESPN Scrum