Félix Marie Charles Texier

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Félix Marie Charles Texier (22 August 1802 in Versailles – 1871 in Paris) was a French historian, architect and archaeologist. Texier published a number of significant works involving personal travels throughout Asia Minor and the Middle East. These books included descriptions and maps of ancient sites, reports of regional geography and geology, descriptions of art works and architecture, et al.

Trained as an architect at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, he was appointed inspector of public works in 1827. He conducted excavations of the port cities of Fréjus and Ostia.[1] In 1833 he was sent on an exploratory mission to Asia Minor, where in 1834 he discovered ruins of the ancient Hittite capital of Hattusa.[2] As a result of the expedition, he published the two-volume Description de l'Asie Mineure faite par ordre du Gouvernement français. Later in the decade he participated in an expedition that took him to Armenia, Mesopotamia and Persia.[3]

In 1840 he became deputy professor of archaeology at the Collège de France, and in 1845 relocated to Algeria as inspector general of public buildings.[3] In 1855 he was elected to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres.[1]

Published works[edit]

  • Asie mineure: description géographique, historique et archéologique des provinces et des villes de la Chersonnèse d'Asie, 1842 - Asia Minor, geographical, historical and archaeological descriptions of its provinces and cities.
  • Description de l'Arménie et de la Perse, de la Mésopotamie, 1842–1845 - Description of Armenia, Persia and Mesopotamia.
  • Mémoires sur la Ville et le port de Fréjus, 1847 - Memoirs on the city and port of Fréjus.
  • Édesse et ses monuments, 1859 - Edessa and its monuments.
  • L'Architecture byzantine ou recueil de monuments des premiers temps du christianisme en Orient, 1864 - Translated into English and published as "Byzantine architecture : illustrated by examples of edifices erected in the East during the earliest ages of Christianity", London, (with R.P. Pullar), 1864.
  • "The principal ruins of Asia Minor", London, (with R.P. Pullar), 1865.[4]

References[edit]

  • The American cyclopaedia edited by George Ripley & Charles Anderson Dana
  • Parts of this article are based on a translation of text from the French Wikipedia, sources listed as:
    • Texte extrait de Atlas topographique des villes de Gaule - 2 - Fréjus (Revue archéologique de Narbonaise) par L. Rivet, D. Brentchaloff, S. Roucole, S. Saulnier. (p. 23).
    • Nouveau Larousse illustré, Dictionnaire universel encyclopédique, publié sous la direction de Claude Augé, Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1898 - 1907.
  1. ^ a b Prosopo Sociétés savantes de France
  2. ^ Google Books Turkey Lonely Planet, 2007 - Travel - 724 pages
  3. ^ a b 1833 - Quondam (biographical & bibliographical information)
  4. ^ WorldCat Identities (published works)