Charles William Dabney (June 19, 1855 – June 15, 1945) was President of the University of Tennessee and the University of Cincinnati.
He was born on June 19, 1855 in Hampden-Sydney, Virginia to Robert Lewis Dabney and Lavinia Morrison. He completed his B.S. at Hampden-Sydney College. He then attended the University of Virginia and graduated with an M.S. in chemistry in 1877.
He taught for a year at Emory and Henry College. He attended the University of Goettingen in Germany in 1878 and graduated with a Ph.D. in 1880. He then returned to the United States. Dabney married Mary Chilton Brent, and began working as the director of the Agricultural Experiment Station in North Carolina.
He became president of the University of Tennessee in 1887. As president he added six new four-year courses in science, and admitted the University's first female students.
He became President of the University of Cincinnati on January 12, 1904 and served until 1920. In 1893 he was named to be Assistant Secretary of Agriculture by Grover Cleveland.
He died on June 15, 1945.