Charles William Wilson
He was born in Liverpool on 14 March 1836. He was educated at the Liverpool Collegiate Institution and Cheltenham College. He attended the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich and was commissioned as an officer in the Royal Engineers in 1855.
In 1867 he joined the Palestine Exploration Fund. In 1868 he joined the Ordnance Survey of Sinai. In 1872 he was elected to the Society of British Archaeology. In 1874 he became a Fellow of the Royal Society.
He became director of the topographical department at the British War Office and assistant quartermaster-general in the British Intelligence Department. In 1876 he received an Order of the Bath. He then headed the Ordnance Survey of Ireland.
From 1884-1885, Wilson took part in the Khartoum Relief Expedition, commanded by Garnet Wolseley. He was part of the advance rescue force led by Sir Herbert Stewart. After Stewart was mortally wounded Wilson took command of this group of about 1,400 men. On two Nile steamers Wilson's Desert Column reached Khartoum in the afternoon of 28 January 1885. It came two days too late: Khartoum had been seized by troops of the Mahdi in the early hours of January 26. Between 5000 and 10.000 inhabitants were slaughtered, among them Major-General Charles George Gordon.
He died on 25 October 1905.
- "Major General Sir Charles William Wilson, 1836-1905". Palestine Exploration Fund. Retrieved 2011-12-07.
- "Charles William Wilson". The Geographical Journal. December 6, 1905. JSTOR 1776079.
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