|This article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2008)|
December 9, 1851|
|Died||1950 (aged 98–99)|
|Place of burial||Black Hills National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1871 - 1883|
|Unit||7th U.S. Cavalry|
|Awards||Medal of Honor
Charles Windolph (December 9, 1851 – March 11, 1950) was a soldier in Company H of the George Armstrong Custer's Seventh U. S. Cavalry who survived the Battle of the Little Bighorn and was the recipient of the Medal of Honor.
Windolph was born in Bergen, Germany, December 9, 1851, to Joseph and Adelphina Koch Windolph. He arrived in the United States in 1871, and enlisted in the army's 2nd US Infantry November 12, 1871. He deserted July 18, 1872, and promptly reenlisted as Charles Wrangel in 7th US Cavalry July 23, 1872. He later surrendered and was restored to duty without punishment. He was a shoemaker and did cobbler work among his comrades. He was a participant in the Yellowstone Expedition of 1873 and the Black Hills Expedition in 1874.
Windolph took part in the Reno-Benteen hilltop action at the Battle of Little Bighorn, and was wounded in the buttock. He later received the Medal of Honor for his actions during that fight, specifically for providing covering fire for his comrades (including Medal of Honor recipient Peter Thompson) who went for water for the wounded on June 26, 1876. He was also awarded the Purple Heart many years later. He was discharged in 1883 as a Sergeant. Like Thompson, he moved to Lead, Dakota Territory, and took a job with the Homestake Mine, where he worked for 49 years. He married twice and had three children. His wife had a bakery. He was the source/subject of a book I Fought With Custer, The Story of Sergeant Windolph which is listed as written by Frazier & Robert Hunt, published in 1947. He died in 1950 at age 98, the last of the white participants in the Battle of the Little Bighorn. His remains were interred in the Black Hills National Cemetery.
Windolph first married in 1882 to Mary Jones who died in 1883. He later married a childhood friend, Mathilda Lulow. Mathilda Lulow was born ca. 1861 on the Isle of Rugen to Karl Christian Christoph Lulow and Marie Sophia Henrietta Kagelmacher. Mathilda died on 23 March 1924 and is buried with Charles Windolph in the Black Hills National Cemetery. They had children: Marie Elizabeth, Robert Nicholas, and Irene.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Private, Company H, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Little Big Horn, Mont., 25-26 lune 1876. Entered service at: Brooklyn, N.Y. Born: December 9, 1851, Germany. Date of issue: October 5, 1878.
With 3 comrades, during the entire engagement, courageously held a position that secured water for the command.
- Nichols, Ronald. Men with Custer (rev. ed.). Hardin MT: Custer Battlefield Historical and Museum Society, 2000.
- "Charles Windolph". Hall of Valor. Military Times. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
- Kit and Morgan Benson (November 19, 2001). "Charles Windolph". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved September 6, 2010.
- Gravesites of the Seventh Cavalry in South Dakota